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disease summary - eventually feedings by mouth-Use of...

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Thieny Nguyen Professor Khalil MEDA 115 Tue 1.05 – 4.15 Extra Credit Ch. 2 Signs and Symptoms Etiology Diagnosis Treatment Prematurity - Premature newborn weigh < 5½ pounds (2.5 kilograms) and some weighs as little as 1 pound (½ kilogram). - The lungs or brain may not be fully developed. - Premature newborns may also have difficulty regulating their body temperature and the level of sugar in the blood. The immune system is also underdeveloped. - Unknown - The risk of premature birth is higher among adolescents and older women, women of lower socioeconomic status, women with inadequate prenatal care, and those with multiple fetuses. - Poor nutrition and untreated infections - Women who have had a previous premature birth or who themselves have serious or life-threatening disorders, including heart disease, severe high blood pressure, kidney disease, preeclampsia or eclampsia. - A gestational age < 37weeks, weight < 5lbs
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- Very premature newborns are given nutrition into their veins until they can tolerate feedings into their stomach through a feeding tube and
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Unformatted text preview: eventually feedings by mouth.-Use of breast milk decreases the risk of developing necrotizing enterocolitis. Respiratory Distress Syndrome-The lungs are stiff and the air sacs tend to collapse completely.-Respiratory distress is manifested by visibly labored breathing, including retractions of the chest below the rib cage, flaring of the nostrils during breathing in, and grunting while breathing out.-Low levels of oxygen in the blood-Cyanosis-Without treatment, newborns may have damage to the brain and other organs from a lack of oxygen or may die.-The production of a substance that coats the alveoli (surfactant) is absent or insufficient. -The mother has diabetes, is a risk factor for respiratory distress syndrome-Diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome is based on the symptoms, levels of oxygen in the blood, and abnormal chest x-ray results.-Administration of titrated supplemental --------------------...
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