Power Horizontal

Power Horizontal - CONFLICT, POWER, AND POLITICS 1 Mgmt....

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CONFLICT, POWER, AND POLITICS 1 Mgmt. 4313 chapter thirteen Daft 8 th Edition CONFLICT, POWER, AND POLITICS Chapter 13 Highlights - T he nature of conflict--and the use of power and political tactics to reduce conflict. Intergroup Conflict in Organizations Intergroup conflict is – Intergroup conflict within organizations can occur . . . Sources of Conflict Goal incompatibility is Differentiation is Task interdependence is Limited resources refers to Rational versus Political Model When goals are in alignment and when departments have pooled interdependence, and resources seem abundant, managers can use a rational model in which goals are clear and choices are made in a logical way. When opposite characteristics are in place, the political model comes into play because disagreement and conflict make power and influence needed to reach decisions. The political model describes organizations that strive for participation in decision making by empowering workers.
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2 $ chapter twelve Power and Organizations Individual versus Organizational Power legitimate power is reward power stems from coercive power is expert power derives from referent power comes from Power versus Authority Power is Authority refers to Vertical Sources of Power Formal position Resources Control of decision premises Network centrality s Horizontal Sources of Power Horizontal power is not on the organization chart. It refers to? Strategic Contingencies Strategic contingencies Power Sources Dependency occurs when Financial resources to
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3 Centrality means Nonsubstitutability increases Coping with uncertainty from a variety of environmental sources will increase a department's power. Political Processes in Organizations Definition Power is Politics is A dark view of politics, involving deception and dishonesty for purposes of individual self-interest, is widely held by laypeople. However, appropriate use of political behavior can serve organizational goals. Politics can also be viewed as a natural process for resolving differences among organizational interest groups. When Is Political Activity Used? Structural change Management succession Resource Using Power, Politics, and Collaboration [Exhibit 13.6] Tactics for increasing the power base include : enter areas of high uncertainty; create dependencies; provide scarce resources; and satisfy strategic contingencies. Political Tactics for Increasing Power : build coalitions; expand networks; control decision premises; enhance legitimacy and expertise; make a direct appeal, but keep power implicit. Tactics for Enhancing Collaboration: Labor-management teams . . . Differences between win-win and win-lose strategies of negotiation are shown in Exhibit 13.7; confrontation is successful when managers with a positive attitude engage in a win-win strategy. Collective bargaining , resulting in an agreement specifying each party’s responsibilities for several years, is one type of negotiation to resolve a disagreement between workers and management.
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This note was uploaded on 09/21/2011 for the course CMA 203 taught by Professor Simonmorris during the Three '10 term at Charles Darwin.

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Power Horizontal - CONFLICT, POWER, AND POLITICS 1 Mgmt....

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