FuncGroups

FuncGroups - Functional Groups A functional group is a bond...

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Functional Groups A functional group is a bond or several bonds in an organic molecule that have certain properties and reactions that are consistent in all molecules containing those sets of bonds Functional groups often involve heteroatoms or multiple bonds or both. Compounds with multiple functional groups will be classified (and react) as all appropriate functional groups. o CH3CH=CHCH2CH2OH is an alkene and an alcohol o CH 3 CHBrCH2CH2CHO is an aldehyde and an alkyl halide Single functional groups are not broken apart into sub-groups o –COOH is a carboxylic acid NOT a ketone and an alcohol o HCOOR is an ester NOT an aldehyde and an ether. Functional groups have a strict hierarchy in IUPAC nomenclature and the ending of the name often depends on the highest priority functional group, but functional groups and substituents are NOT the same thing. o Functional groups have distinct reactions, bonds, and properties E.g. an alcohol, an alkene, a nitrile. o Substituents are a way of simplifying molecules for naming. E.g. a methyl group, an ethyl group, an isopropyl group NOTE: Whether alkane is a functional group often depends on whom you ask. Alkanes are often considered to be the basic organic structure and are thus not included as a functional group, but as a skeleton structure common to all molecules. Sometimes alkanes are considered to be a functional group if there is
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FuncGroups - Functional Groups A functional group is a bond...

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