Conducting.qual.interviews - Dr William Marsiglio...

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1 Dr. William Marsiglio Conducting Qualitative In-depth Interviews Persons who wish to conduct an effective qualitative in-depth interview will need to appreciate the purpose of these types of interviews and the basic techniques associated with them. While qualitative interviews can be guided by different objectives, those that you will conduct for this course will be based on the assumption that if done properly, interviewers will be able to help individuals represent their personal experiences fairly well. As you read through the handouts that follow, keep in mind that the interviews you will conduct represent a special type of conversation. Ideally, the participants will do the vast majority of the talking and they will do so in a relaxed, candid fashion. You will want to encourage them to tell you stories about the issues of interest to you. You will seek to have them provide detailed, rich accounts of their experiences, not yes/no answers. You will want to know how and why they experienced certain events in their lives as they did. Understanding their emotional reactions to events is important. You will want them to trust you as an interviewer. Your interviewing style should help them to feel as though they are helping you understand something important about their lives. I’ve divided the handouts summarizing some of the key issues related to qualitative interviewing into several sections. Much of this material has been adapted from Steinar Kvale’s book An Introduction to Qualitative Research Interviewing published in 1996. Please read through each of these handouts carefully. 1. Aspects of Qualitative Research Interviews 2. Qualification Criteria for the Interviewer 3. Interviewer Issues 4. Types of Interview Questions 5. Guidelines for Preparing Interview Summaries
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2 Dr. William Marsiglio Aspects of Qualitative Research Interviews 1. Life world : The topic of the qualitative interview is a participant’s everyday life world and his or her relation to it. Focus on participants’ lived experiences , not just a participant’s beliefs or attitudes about issues. 2. Meaning : The interview provides opportunities to interpret the meaning of central themes in the participant’s life world. It focuses on the meaning of what is said as well as how it is said. 3. Qualitative: The interview seeks qualitative knowledge expressed in normal language, it does not aim to quantify most responses. 4. Descriptive: The interview attempts to obtain open, nuanced, rich descriptions of different aspects of the participant’s life world. 5. Specificity: Descriptions of specific situations and action sequences are elicited, not general opinions. 6. Deliberate Naivete: The interviewer is typically open to new and unexpected phenomena, rather than using ready-made categories and schemes of interpretation. This varies depending upon the interviewer’s experience in the substantive area. 7.
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Conducting.qual.interviews - Dr William Marsiglio...

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