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Unformatted text preview: competition between the East India Companies of London and the Netherlands to contest the Portuguese monopoly of the mainly Indonesian spice trade. • Akbar’s reforms focused on two distinct control mechanisms: the creation of a centralized bureaucracy, and the elaboration of a standard system of military grading. The result was a separate hierarchy, which overlapped only at the top. • How did the central government use the military to control the zamindari interests and maximize the revenue yield due to the emperor or his jagirdars? • What factors led to Akbar’s loss of control and eventual downfall?...
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- Spring '08
- Babur, Keay Chapter