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Paper Notes - Paper Notes-focus on one argument then show...

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Paper Notes -focus on one argument then show why the other is not nearly as important -first introduce natural rights argument -second introduce utility -third explain why utility is not as important when compared to natural rights utility is more important -saying people are giving up natural rights because it is for the greater good -identify implications of this argument -main goal is to see that more people are better off natural rights -inherent right to property and product of their labor which is important for their self-preservation -private property is a huge benefit -would Locke be fine with main goal of utility argument? No Hume-Notes Plato-rational beings Machiavelli-self interested seekers of gain Hobbes-self interested rights bearers Locke-self interested rights bearers with self ownership Hume-self interested, doesn’t completely argue for natural rights Epistomology of Hume-everything we know is based on the outside world and we are not born with any innate preferences i.e. religion. -however, our perceptions can be faulty or tampered with -Hume took this further saying that we cannot know with certainty if the outside world truly exists All things we claim to know about including moral principles comes from our imagination and ideas -interaction takes place within certain moral social context which shapes us
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*Challenges the institution of religion. Historically at this time the reason and God were coming together and this essay completely blows both apart Hume’s skepticism -attack on Locke’s view of human nature, more focused on history, Machiavelli -Locke on the other hand uses bible and reason, similar to Plato, almost imaginary -human reason is feeble, can’t achieve certainty about anything however we can
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