HIS 4c paper 2

HIS 4c paper 2 - 1 History at the most basic level is a...

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History at the most basic level is a record of events that took place in the past. Although the past can range from moments to thousands of years ago, the main characteristic of historical records is that the recorded events happened. These records can come in the form of almost anything: a book, oral recounting like a poem or even something as primitive as a wall painting. By far one of the most helpful types of historical documentation is a primary resource, which is a contemporary record of the time period. Primary sources provide first-hand testimony of events that occurred in the past. These sources are created by witnesses or recorders who experienced the events or conditions present at that time period since they are so characterized by their content, regardless of whether they are available in the original format, in microfilm, or in published format. Determining what a primary source is can be complicated, and in no case is this more apparent than with books, pamphlets and other publications. From one vantage point, books are the quintessential secondary source: scholars use primary source materials such as letters, diaries, and pamphlets to write books, which are in turn secondary sources. However, books are also considered often to be good sources of primary source material. In some instances, as in the case of published memoirs, autobiographies, and documents, it is easy to determine when a book functions as a primary source. As stated earlier, secondary sources can sometimes be used as primary sources such as some novels and films. Although both She by H. Rider Haggard and Maus by Art Spiegelman are considered to be narrations that mix fantasy and reality, they are two different types of source documents with each having their own advantages and disadvantages as far as completely and perfectly addressing the historical issues of the eras they were written during. She is a first person narrative that follows the expedition of Horace Holly and his friend Leo Vincey to the lost kingdom of Kor in the African interior. There, they encounter a primitive 1
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race of natives called the Armahagger and their mysterious white queen named Ayesha, also known as “She” or “She-who-must-be- obeyed”. Haggard goes on to tell the story of how they are almost subject to cannibalism and their eventual escape from “She” after her death at the end of the novel. This narrative is indicative of imperialist literature in nineteenth-century England as well as based on Rider Haggard’s own experiences in South Africa and British colonialism. For this reason, She is a secondary source document that can be used as a primary source. This is because a present-day scholar could use this novel to analyze the mores and attitudes of nineteenth-century imperialist England. The ideas of late-Victorian England are clearly apparent throughout the entire novel. The
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HIS 4c paper 2 - 1 History at the most basic level is a...

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