POL 1 Midterm Study Guide

POL 1 Midterm Study Guide - POL 1 Midterm Study Guide....

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
POL 1 Midterm Study Guide. Agency loss-discrepancy between what citizens ideally would like their agents to do and how the agents actually behave Conformity costs-difference between what a person ideally would prefer and what the group with which that person makes collective decisions actually does. Individuals pay these whenever collective decisions produce policy outcomes that do not best serve their interests. Transaction costs-costs of doing political business reflected in the time and effort required to compare preferences and negotiate compromises in making collective decisions. Externalities-public goods or bads generated as byproducts of private activity Principal-an individual with the authority to make some decision. Privatize-Prevent a ommon resource from being over-exploited by tying the benefit of its consumption to its cost Civil liberties-constitutional and legal protections from government inference into person rights and freedoms Civil rights-powers of priveleges that are conferred on citizens by the Constitution and the courts and that entitle them to make claims upon the government Separate but equal doctrine-Supreme Court- initiated doctrine that separate but equivalent facilities for blacks and whites are constitutional under the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Brown v. Board of Education -Supreme Court declared that black children were denied equal education therefore schools should be integrated. Jim Crow laws-series of laws enacted in the late nineteenth century by southern states to institute segregation. Fugitive Slave Law-1850 law compelling northerners to honor southerners’ property claims to slaves in agreement with passing California as a free state. Lemon test-The most far-reaching of the controversial cases in which the Supreme Court specified three conditions every state law must satisfy to avoid running afoul of the establishment of religion prohibition: the statute in question "must have a secular legislative purpose," such as remedial education; the statute’s "primary effect must be one that neither advances nor inhibits religion"; and the statute must not foster "an excessive government entanglement with religion." Penumbras-judicially created rights based on various guarantees of the Bill of Rights. Right to privacy is not stated in Constitution but has implicitly been found in various clauses. Selective incorporation-The Court’s gradual process of assuming guardianship of civil liberties
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/21/2011 for the course POL 001 taught by Professor Huckfeldt during the Winter '08 term at UC Davis.

Page1 / 4

POL 1 Midterm Study Guide - POL 1 Midterm Study Guide....

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online