PsychIntro - Introduction to Psychology Life Before...

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Introduction to Psychology
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Predict what will happen Systematically observe events Do events support predictions Life Before Psychology René Descartes (1596-1650) Philosophy asks questions about the mind: Does perception accurately reflect reality? How is sensation turned into perception? Physiology asks similar questions about the mind SCIENTIFIC METHOD
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Psychology Is Born Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) First Experimental Psych Lab (1879) First Experimental Psych Lab (1879) Focuses on the scientific study of the mind. WW insists that Psych methods be as rigorous University of Leipzig Harvard University Yale University Columbia University Catholic University Univ of Pennsylvania Cornell University Stanford University Wundt’s students start labs across USA (1880-1900)
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Women of Psychology Mary Calkins Mary Calkins - student of William James at Harvard but was not awarded a Ph.D. Founded psych lab at Wellesley College (1891) Maragaret Washburn Maragaret Washburn - first woman to receive Ph.D. in Psychology.  Wrote The Animal Mind, which helped begin the Behaviorist movement. Leta Hollingworth Leta Hollingworth - Debunked popular theories that suggested women were inferior to men. Did pioneering work on adolescent development, mental retardation & “gifted” children.
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Psychology (pre-1920) Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) Founder of Psychology as a Science Experiments Edward Titchner (1867-1927) Student of Wundt Formed Ψ at Cornell Introspection William James (1842-1910) Formed Ψ at Harvard Psychology Understanding Mental Processes
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Behaviorism Scientific Psychology should focus on observable behavior . John Watson (1878-1958) Ivan Psych the Science of Behavior Stimulus Stimulus Response Response Psychology Psychology Mental Processes cannot be studied directly
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Psychology (1920s-1960s) John B. Watson (1878-1958) Behavior without Reference to Thought
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PsychIntro - Introduction to Psychology Life Before...

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