THE VERB.ppt - THE VERB GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS The general categorial meaning of the verb is process presented dynamically i.e developing in time This

THE VERB.ppt - THE VERB GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS The general...

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THE VERB
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GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS The general categorial meaning of the verb is process presented dynamically, i.e. developing in time. This processual meaning is in the semantics of all the verbs including those denoting states, types of attitude, evaluation, etc.
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GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS There are two sets of forms of the verb - finite and non-finite. The processual semantic character holds true about both of them: Mr Brown received the visitor instantly, which was unusual. Mr. Brown’s receiving the visitor instantly was unusual. It was unusual for Mr. Brown to receive the visitor instantly.
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SYNTACTICAL FUNCTIONING Finite forms: Non-finite forms:
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Synthetical forms. Analytical forms.
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORIES OF THE VERB person number tense aspect voice mood
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MORPHOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF THE VERB Simple verbs (to come, to see; to park < a park; to feed < food; to cont e nt < c o ntent). Derivative verbs (re-, under-, -ate, -en, -fy, etc.). Composite verbs (correspond to composite non-verb stems they are derived from, e.g. to blackmail < blackmail). Phrasal verbs.
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MORPHOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF THE VERB (M.Y.BLOKH) Simple (to go, to park). Sound-replacive (food – to feed). Stress-replacive ('import – to im'port). Expanded (to broad en , to re make). Composite (blackmail – to blackmail). Phrasal (to give a smile, to give up).
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PHRASAL VERBS Are phrasal verbs analytical forms or phrases?
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PHRASAL VERBS V + N, e.g. to give a laugh. V + adverbial particle, e.g. to stand up.
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Regular verbs. Irregular verbs. Mixed verbs.
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The class of verbs falls into a number of subclasses distinguished by different semantic and lexico-grammatical features. On the upper level of division two unequal sets are identified: the set of verbs of full nominative value (notional verbs), and the set of verbs of partial nominative value (semi-notional and functional verbs).
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Semi-notional and functional verbs serve as markers of predication in the proper sense. These "predicators" include auxiliary verbs, modal verbs, semi-notional verbid introducer verbs (e.g. to seem, to manage, to begin), and link-verbs.
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NOTIONAL VERBS On the basis of the subject-process relation, all the notional verbs can be divided into actional and statal. Actional verbs express the action performed by the subject, i.e. they present the subject as an active doer . Statal verbs denote the state of their subject.
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NOTIONAL VERBS Aspective verbal semantics exposes the inner character of the process denoted by the verb. It represents the process as durative (continual), iterative (repeated), terminate (concluded), interminate (not concluded), instantaneous (momentary), ingressive (starting), undercompleted (not developed to its full extent), and the like.
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NOTIONAL VERBS In terms of the most general subclass division related to the grammatical structure of language, two aspective subclasses of verbs should be recognised in English. The basis of this division is constituted by the relation of the verbal semantics to the idea of a processual limit
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NOTIONAL VERBS The verbs presenting a process as potentially limited can be
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  • Fall '16
  • Mrs. Chow
  • Grammatical conjugation, Grammatical mood, Mr. Brown

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