THE VERB.ppt - THE VERB GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS The general categorial meaning of the verb is process presented dynamically i.e developing in time This


This preview shows page 1 - 18 out of 76 pages.

Image of page 1
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS The general categorial meaning of the verb is process presented dynamically, i.e. developing in time. This processual meaning is in the semantics of all the verbs including those denoting states, types of attitude, evaluation, etc.
Image of page 2
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS There are two sets of forms of the verb - finite and non-finite. The processual semantic character holds true about both of them: Mr Brown received the visitor instantly, which was unusual. Mr. Brown’s receiving the visitor instantly was unusual. It was unusual for Mr. Brown to receive the visitor instantly.
Image of page 3
SYNTACTICAL FUNCTIONING Finite forms: Non-finite forms:
Image of page 4
Synthetical forms. Analytical forms.
Image of page 5
GRAMMATICAL CATEGORIES OF THE VERB person number tense aspect voice mood
Image of page 6
MORPHOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF THE VERB Simple verbs (to come, to see; to park < a park; to feed < food; to cont e nt < c o ntent). Derivative verbs (re-, under-, -ate, -en, -fy, etc.). Composite verbs (correspond to composite non-verb stems they are derived from, e.g. to blackmail < blackmail). Phrasal verbs.
Image of page 7
MORPHOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF THE VERB (M.Y.BLOKH) Simple (to go, to park). Sound-replacive (food – to feed). Stress-replacive ('import – to im'port). Expanded (to broad en , to re make). Composite (blackmail – to blackmail). Phrasal (to give a smile, to give up).
Image of page 8
PHRASAL VERBS Are phrasal verbs analytical forms or phrases?
Image of page 9
PHRASAL VERBS V + N, e.g. to give a laugh. V + adverbial particle, e.g. to stand up.
Image of page 10
Regular verbs. Irregular verbs. Mixed verbs.
Image of page 11
The class of verbs falls into a number of subclasses distinguished by different semantic and lexico-grammatical features. On the upper level of division two unequal sets are identified: the set of verbs of full nominative value (notional verbs), and the set of verbs of partial nominative value (semi-notional and functional verbs).
Image of page 12
Semi-notional and functional verbs serve as markers of predication in the proper sense. These "predicators" include auxiliary verbs, modal verbs, semi-notional verbid introducer verbs (e.g. to seem, to manage, to begin), and link-verbs.
Image of page 13
NOTIONAL VERBS On the basis of the subject-process relation, all the notional verbs can be divided into actional and statal. Actional verbs express the action performed by the subject, i.e. they present the subject as an active doer . Statal verbs denote the state of their subject.
Image of page 14
NOTIONAL VERBS Aspective verbal semantics exposes the inner character of the process denoted by the verb. It represents the process as durative (continual), iterative (repeated), terminate (concluded), interminate (not concluded), instantaneous (momentary), ingressive (starting), undercompleted (not developed to its full extent), and the like.
Image of page 15
NOTIONAL VERBS In terms of the most general subclass division related to the grammatical structure of language, two aspective subclasses of verbs should be recognised in English. The basis of this division is constituted by the relation of the verbal semantics to the idea of a processual limit
Image of page 16
NOTIONAL VERBS The verbs presenting a process as potentially limited can be
Image of page 17
Image of page 18

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 76 pages?

  • Fall '16
  • Mrs. Chow
  • Grammatical conjugation, Grammatical mood, Mr. Brown

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes