POLITICAL SCIENCERESEARCH PAPERTOPIC: RESERVATIONSSubmitted To: Prof. Harathi VageeshanSubmitted By: Shubhi GoyalRoll Number: 59Group IVNALSARUniversity ofLaw
My Reasons for Choosing this Topic:For as long as I can remember, I have been intrigued by the idea of reservations- whether forwomen, the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, or for the other backward classes. I havehad very conflicting views- on the one hand, it’s acceptance as a means of paying back theso-called ‘disadvantaged classes’ for all the atrocities suffered by them over the centuries andalso as a tool for their upliftment and on the other hand, a kind of rage fueled by my beliefthat it was just something being used to give an unfair advantage to these sections of society.I could not see any reason for having what in my mind was a “useless rule” which gave anunfair advantage to some based on their caste, while more meritorious people had to settle forcolleges lower on the rankings list, simply because their seats had been given to other“undeserving people”. But now that I think about it, I realize that I have been unfair and havechosen to comment on an issue of which I had no real understanding. I hope to remedy myignorance about this complex topic by way of this research paper.My main reason for choosing this topic of Reservations for my Political Science ResearchPaper, at this point in time, is that in my two months at NALSAR, as a student of PoliticalScience, I have begun to look at things from a new perspective. With my newfoundunderstanding of topics such as equality, justice etc., I hope to view this issue also through anew lens and understand the reasons behind Reservations. I hope to answer such questionsas- why did our government choose to continue Reservations even after 68 years of ourIndependence? Are reservations being misused by political parties today to further their owncause- namely to get votes? Have reservations really had any impact in the upliftment of the‘disadvantaged classes’? Has its true benefits percolated to sections that really need them?1Iwill also be comparing the system of Reservations in India with the methods employed byother countries such as the Brazil, Canada and UK for the upliftment of backward classes intheir own countries. I would also engage in a discussion regarding the issue of reservationsfor women. Lastly I will examine the idea of having reservations based on economicconsiderations either exclusively or in connection with the existent system based on caste. Background:1Pradipta Chaudhary, The Creamy Layer- Political Economy of Reservations, ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL WEEKLY, 2
The reservation policy is a kind of an ‘affirmative action’ or ‘positive discrimination’2for theupliftment of designated, disadvantaged groups with the aid of an elaborate quota system inpublic jobs, government funded public institutions such as the IITs and in most electedassemblies.3The groups are mostly those, which have historically suffered discrimination.
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Reservation in India, Creamy layer, Indian caste system, Economic and Political Weekly, Yogendra Yadav, Satish Deshpande