Management_Theory_and_Practice_-_Chp_4_Organisational_Structure_TCmIzrPq5B.pptx - MANAGEMENT THEORY PRACTICE Prof Deepak R Gupta Asst Professor NMIMS


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MANAGEMENT THEORY & PRACTICE Prof. Deepak R. Gupta Asst. Professor NMIMS University Chp 4 - Structure of an Organisation
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Chapters Name of the Chapter Chp No. 1 Evolution of Management Chp No. 2 Nature of Management Chp No. 3 Corporate Culture Chp No. 4 Structure of an Organisation Chp No. 5 Business Communication Chp No.6 Managerial Decision Making Chp No. 7 Leadership Chp No. 8 Motivation Chp No. 9 Change Management Chp No. 10 Management Information Systems Chp 4 - Structure of an Organisation
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CHAPTER 4: STRUCTURE OF AN ORGANISATION Chp 4 - Structure of an Organisation
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Discuss the concept of organisational structure Explain the six box organisational model and matrix model Elaborate on the ETZIONI organisational theory Identify the factors influencing organisational structure Chp 4 - Structure of an Organisation
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Chp 4 - Structure of an Organisation Sr. No Referen ce No Particulars 1 Learning Objectives 2 Topic 1 Concept of Organisational Structure 3 Topic 2 ETZIONI Organisational Theory 4 Topic 3 Factors influencing Organisational Structure 5 Let’s Sum Up
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CONCEPT OF ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE An organisational structure can be defined as the logical arrangement of tasks, duties, and roles and responsibilities with the aim to achieve the predetermined objectives of the organisation. An organisational structure is broadly categorised into types, namely centralised structure and decentralised structure. In centralised structure, decisions are taken at the top level management and passed to the lower level management. On the other hand, in a decentralised structure, departments are given autonomy to make their own decisions depending on their requirements. Chp 4 - Structure of an Organisation
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CONCEPT OF ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE The following are some characteristics of an effective organisational structure: Simple and unambiguous: The structure of an organisation should have a minimum chain of command so that unnecessary confusions and chaos can be avoided. Flexible and adaptable: As the business environment is dynamic, the organisational structure should be created in a manner that it can readily be altered as per the changing needs and demands. Clarity of roles: Every employee should know the authority–responsibility relation whether from top to bottom or horizontal. Involvement of top management: The participation of top management is crucial to the development of an organisational structure. Chp 4 - Structure of an Organisation
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To maintain effective structures, organisations are required to follow certain principles, shown in Figure: Division of work Unity of command Principle of departmentation Principle of authority Span of management Scalar chain Unity of purpose Principle of flexibility Principle of synergy Principle of team spirit Chp 4 - Structure of an Organisation CHARACTERISTICS OF EFFECTIVE STRUCTURE
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Division of work : The structure of an organisation should be designed in a manner that every employee should be allotted work as per his/her abilities, skills, and competencies. This helps employees in achieving specialisation in a
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