civil rights.docx - EQUAL PROTECTIONS CLAUSE First level lowest level of scrutiny \u25cf Rational basis test legit govt interes \u25cf Fundamental rights and

civil rights.docx - EQUAL PROTECTIONS CLAUSE First level...

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EQUAL PROTECTIONS CLAUSE First level: lowest level of scrutiny Rational basis test, legit govt interes Fundamental rights and suspect classifications NOT at issue Second level: intermediate scrutiny Must serve important govt interest Craig v Boren (1976); gender Third level: strict scrutiny Must serve compelling govt issue Fundamental rights and suspect classifications at issue WOMEN AND GENDER DISCRIMINATION sought to add equal rights amendment to constitution Easily passed congress in 1972 but fell three states short of final ratification Women still won some victories!! 1. Equal Pay act (1963) - equal pay for similar work
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