MCQ questions.pdf - CH 1 Chapter 01 The Investment Environment er Multiple Choice Questions 名 微 � : W in ca re 1 In 2007 was the most significant

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Unformatted text preview: CH 1 Chapter 01 The Investment Environment er Multiple Choice Questions 名 微 信 : W in _ ca re 1. In 2007, ____________ was the most significant real asset of U.S. households in terms of total value. A. consumer durables B. automobiles C. real estate D. mutual fund shares E. bank loans FA 课 程 报 See Table 1.1. ee rC Difficulty: Easy W in c ar 2. In 2007, ____________ was the least significant financial asset of U.S. households in terms of total value. A. real estate B. mutual fund shares C. debt securities D. life insurance reserves E. pension reserves See Table 1.1. Difficulty: Easy 3. In 2007, ____________ was the most significant asset of U.S. households in terms of total value. A. real estate B. mutual fund shares C. debt securities D. life insurance reserves E. pension reserves er See Table 1.1. ca re Difficulty: Easy 课 程 报 名 微 信 : W in _ 4. In 2007, ____________ was the most significant liability of U.S. households in terms of total value. A. credit cards B. mortgages C. bank loans D. student loans E. other debt ee rC FA See Table 1.1. in c ar Difficulty: Easy W 5. The largest component of domestic net worth in 2007 was ____________. A. non‐residential real estate B. residential real estate C. inventories D. consumer durables E. equipment and software See Table 1.2. Difficulty: Moderate 6. In 2007, ____________ was the most significant real asset of U.S. nonfinancial businesses in terms of total value. A. equipment and software B. inventory C. real estate D. trade credit E. marketable securities See Table 1.4. er ca re in _ Difficulty: Easy 课 程 报 名 微 信 : W 7. In 2007, ____________ was the least significant real asset of U.S. nonfinancial businesses in terms of total value. A. equipment and software B. inventory C. real estate D. trade credit E. marketable securities ee rC FA See Table 1.4. in c W Difficulty: Easy ar 8. In 2007, ____________ was the least significant liability of U.S. nonfinancial businesses in terms of total value. A. bonds and mortgages B. bank loans C. inventories D. trade debt E. marketable securities See Table 1.4. Difficulty: Easy 9. In terms of total value, the most significant liability of U.S. nonfinancial businesses in 2007 was _______. A. bank loans B. bonds and mortgages C. trade debt D. other loans E. marketable securities. See Table 1.4. er ca re in _ Difficulty: Easy 课 程 报 名 微 信 : W 10. In 2007, ____________ was the most significant financial asset of U.S. nonfinancial businesses in terms of total value. A. cash B. trade credit C. trade debt D. inventory E. marketable securities ee rC FA See Table 1.4. in c W Difficulty: Easy ar 11. The material wealth of a society is equal to the sum of _________. A. all financial assets B. all real assets C. all financial and real assets D. all physical assets E. none of the above Financial assets do not directly contribute the productive capacity of the economy. Difficulty: Easy 12. ____________ of an investment bank. A. Citigroup is an example B. Merrill Lynch is an example C. Goldman is an example D. B and C are each examples E. Each of the above is an example Merrill Lynch, Citigroup, and Goldman are all examples of investment banks. er ca re Difficulty: Easy 报 名 微 信 : W in _ 13. _______ are financial assets. A. Bonds B. Machines C. Stocks D. A and C E. A, B and C 课 程 Machines are real assets; stocks and bonds are financial assets. FA ee rC ar Difficulty: Easy W in c 14. An example of a derivative security is ______. A. a common share of General Motors B. a call option on Mobil stock C. a commodity futures contract D. B and C E. A and B The values of B and C are derived from that of an underlying financial asset; the value of A is based on the value of the firm only. Difficulty: Easy 15. _______ was the first to introduce mortgage pass‐through securities. A. Chase Manhattan B. Citicorp C. FNMA D. GNMA E. None of the above GNMA introduced mortgage pass through securities in 1970. er ca re Difficulty: Easy 课 程 报 名 微 信 : W in _ 16. A bond issue is broken up so that some investors will receive only interest payments while others will receive only principal payments, which is an example of ________. A. bundling B. credit enhancement C. unbundling D. financial engineering E. C and D ee rC FA Unbundling is one of many examples of financial engineering that offer more alternatives to the investor. in c W Difficulty: Easy ar 17. An example of a primitive security is __________. A. a common share of General Motors B. a call option on Mobil stock C. a call option on a stock of a firm based in a Third World country D. a U.S. government bond E. A and D A primitive security's return is based only upon the earning power of the issuing agency, such as stock in General Motors and the U.S. government. Difficulty: Easy 18. The ____________ refers to the potential conflict between management and shareholders due to management's control of pecuniary rewards as well as the possibility of incompetent performance by managers. A. agency problem B. diversification problem C. liquidity problem D. solvency problem E. regulatory problem ca re er The agency problem describes potential conflict between management and shareholders. The other problems are those of firm management only. in _ 微 名 报 ee rC A and B are real assets. ar W in c Difficulty: Easy 课 程 FA 19. _________ financial asset(s). A. Buildings are B. Land is a C. Derivatives are D. U.S. Agency bonds are E. C and D 信 : W Difficulty: Easy 20. The value of a derivative security _______. A. depends on the value of the related primitive security B. can only cause increased risk. C. is unrelated to the value of the related primitive security D. has been enhanced due the recent misuse and negative publicity regarding these instruments E. is worthless today Of the factors cited above, only A affects the value of the derivative and/or is a true statement. Difficulty: Easy 21. Money market funds were a financial innovation partly inspired to circumvent _______. A. Regulation B, which is still in existence B. Regulation D C. DIDMCA D. Regulation M E. Regulation Q, which is no longer in existence Regulation Q limited the amount of interest that banks could pay to depositors; money market funds were not covered by Regulation Q and thus could pay a higher rate of interest. Although Regulation Q no longer exists, money market funds continue to be popular. ca re er W in _ Difficulty: Easy 课 程 报 名 微 信 : 22. __________ are a way U.S. investor can invest in foreign companies. A. ADRs B. IRAs C. SDRs D. GNMAs E. Krugerrands ee rC FA Only ADRs represent an indirect investment in a foreign company. in c W Difficulty: Easy ar 23. _______ are examples of financial intermediaries. A. Commercial banks B. Insurance companies C. Investment companies D. Credit unions E. All of the above All are institutions that bring borrowers and lenders together. Difficulty: Easy 24. Financial intermediaries exist because small investors cannot efficiently ________. A. diversify their portfolios B. gather all relevant information C. assess credit risk of borrowers D. advertise for needed investments E. all of the above. The individual investor cannot efficiently and effectively perform any of the tasks above without more time and knowledge than that available to most individual investors. er ca re in _ Difficulty: Easy 课 程 报 名 微 信 : W 25. Firms that specialize in helping companies raise capital by selling securities are called ________. A. commercial banks B. investment banks C. savings banks D. credit unions E. all of the above. ee rC FA An important role of investment banks is to act as middlemen in helping firms place new issues in the market. in c W Difficulty: Easy ar 26. Financial assets ______. A. directly contribute to the country's productive capacity B. indirectly contribute to the country's productive capacity C. contribute to the country's productive capacity both directly and indirectly D. do not contribute to the country's productive capacity either directly or indirectly E. are of no value to anyone Financial assets indirectly contribute to the country's productive capacity because these assets permit individuals to invest in firms and governments. This in turn allows firms and governments to increase productive capacity. Difficulty: Easy 27. The sale of a mortgage portfolio by setting up mortgage pass‐through securities is an example of ________. A. credit enhancement B. securitization C. unbundling D. derivatives E. none of the above The financial asset is secured by the mortgages backing the instrument. er ca re in _ Difficulty: Easy 课 程 报 名 微 信 : W 28. Corporate shareholders are best protected from incompetent management decisions by A. the ability to engage in proxy fights. B. management's control of pecuniary rewards. C. the ability to call shareholder meetings. D. the threat of takeover by other firms. E. one‐share / one‐vote election rules. ee rC FA Proxy fights are expensive and seldom successful, and management may often control the board or own significant shares. It is the threat of takeover of underperforming firms that has the strongest ability to keep management on their toes. ar W Difficulty: Moderate in c 29. The national net worth of the U.S. in 2007 was _________. A. $15.411 trillion B. $26.431 trillion C. $42.669 trillion D. $48.038 trillion E. $70.983 trillion See Table 1.2. Difficulty: Moderate 30. In 2007, _______ of the assets of U.S. households were financial assets as opposed to tangible assets. A. 20.4% B. 34.2% C. 61.1% D. 71.7% E. 82.5% See Table 1.1. er ca re in _ Difficulty: Moderate 课 程 报 名 微 信 : W 31. Investment bankers perform the following role(s) ___________. A. market new stock and bond issues for firms B. provide advice to the firms as to market conditions, price, etc C. design securities with desirable properties D. all of the above E. none of the above FA Investment bankers perform all of the roles described above for their clients. ee rC in c ar Difficulty: Easy W 32. Theoretically, takeovers should result in ___________. A. improved management B. increased stock price C. increased benefits to existing management of taken over firm D. A and B E. A, B, and C Theoretically, when firms are taken over, better managers come in and thus increase the price of the stock; existing management often must either leave the firm, be demoted, or suffer a loss of existing benefits. Difficulty: Easy 33. Important trends changing the contemporary investment environment are A. globalization. B. securitization. C. information and computer networks. D. financial engineering. E. all of the above All of these are examples of important trends in the contemporary investment environment. er ca re Difficulty: Easy 报 名 微 信 : W in _ 34. The means by which individuals hold their claims on real assets in a well‐developed economy are A. investment assets. B. depository assets. C. derivative assets D. financial assets. E. exchange‐driven assets FA 课 程 Financial assets allocate the wealth of the economy. Example: it is easier for an individual to own shares of an auto company than to own an auto company directly. ee rC in c ar Difficulty: Easy W 35. Which of the following financial assets made up the greatest proportion of the financial assets held by U.S. households? A. pension reserves B. life insurance reserves C. mutual fund shares D. debt securities E. personal trusts See Table 1.1. Difficulty: Moderate ca re er 36. Which of the following are mechanisms that have evolved to mitigate potential agency problems? I) compensation in the form of the firm's stock options II) hiring bickering family members as corporate spies III) underperforming management teams being forced out by boards of directors IV) security analysts monitoring the firm closely V) takeover threats A. II and V B. I, III, and IV C. I, III, IV, and V D. III, IV, and V E. I, III, and V in _ All but the second option have been used to try to limit agency problems. 信 : W 名 微 Difficulty: Moderate Difficulty: Easy in c W See Table 1.3. ar ee rC FA 课 程 报 37. Commercial banks differ from other businesses in that both their assets and their liabilities are mostly A. illiquid. B. financial. C. real. D. owned by the government. E. regulated. ca re er 38. Which of the following is true about GNMA pass‐throughs? I) They aggregate individual home mortgages into heterogeneous pools. II) The purchaser of a GNMA receives monthly interest and principal payments received from payments made on the pool. III) The banks that originated the mortgages maintain ownership of them. IV) The banks that originated the mortgages continue to service them. A. II, III, and IV B. I, II, and IV C. II and IV D. I, III, and IV E. I, II, III, and IV in _ III is not correct because the bank no longer owns the mortgage investments. W 信 : 微 Difficulty: Moderate ee rC FA 课 程 报 名 39. Although derivatives can be used as speculative instruments, businesses most often use them to A. attract customers. B. appease stockholders. C. offset debt. D. hedge. E. enhance their balance sheets. Difficulty: Easy W in c ar Firms may use forward contracts and futures to protect against currency fluctuations or changes in commodity prices. Interest‐rate options help companies control financing costs. 40. An ETF A. limits the diversification potential of investors who hold it. B. may be traded only in the primary market. C. is linked directly to the value of a composite index of futures contracts. D. must be earned as a performance bonus within a corporation rather than purchased. E. tracks the performance of an index of share returns for a particular country or industry sector. ETFs allow investors to trade portfolios in the secondary markets. er ca re Difficulty: Moderate 报 名 微 信 : W in _ 41. A country ETF A. invests in real estate in the country. B. invests in small country businesses. C. is linked directly to the value of a composite index of commodity futures contracts. D. is not very popular and is only used by speculators. E. tracks the performance of an index of share returns for a particular country. 课 程 Country ETFs allow investors to trade portfolios that mimic foreign indices in the secondary markets. FA ee rC W in c ar Difficulty: Moderate ca re er 42. During the period between 2000 and 2002, a large number of scandals were uncovered. Most of these scandals were related to I) Manipulation of financial data to misrepresent the actual condition of the firm. II) Misleading and overly optimistic research reports produced by analysts. III) Allocating IPOs to executives as a quid pro quo for personal favors. IV) Greenmail. A. II, III, and IV B. I, II, and IV C. II and IV D. I, III, and IV E. I, II, and III in _ I, II, and III are all mentioned as causes of recent scandals. W 信 : 微 Difficulty: Moderate ar ee rC FA 课 程 报 名 43. A disadvantage of using stock options to compensate managers is that A. it encourages mangers to undertake projects that will increase stock price. B. it encourages managers to engage in empire building. C. it can create an incentive for mangers to manipulate information to prop up a stock price temporarily, giving them a chance to cash out before the price returns to a level reflective of the firms true prospects. D. all of the above. E. none of the above. W in c A is a desired characteristic. B is not necessarily a good or bad thing in and of itself. C creates an agency problem. Difficulty: Easy 44. A fixed‐income security pays ____________. A. a fixed level of income for the life of the owner B. a fixed stream of income or a stream of income that is determined according to a specified formula for the life of the security C. a variable level of income for owners on a fixed income D. a fixed or variable income stream at the option of the owner E. none of the above Only answer B is correct. er ca re W 信 : 微 名 报 课 程 45. Money market securities ____________. A. are short term B. pay a fixed income C. are highly marketable D. generally very low risk E. all of the above in _ Difficulty: Easy FA All answers are correct. ee rC in c ar Difficulty: Easy W 46. Financial assets permit all of the following except ____________. A. consumption timing B. allocation of risk C. separation of ownership and control D. elimination of risk E. all of the above Financial assets do not allow risk to beeliminated. However, they do permit allocation of risk, consumption timing, and separation of ownership and control. Difficulty: Moderate 47. The Sarbanes‐Oxley Act ____________. A. requires corporations to have more independent directors B. requires the firm's CFO to personally vouch for the firm's accounting statements C. prohibits auditing firms from providing other services to clients D. A and B are correct. E. A, B, and C are correct. The Sarbanes‐Oxley Act does all of the above. er in _ W 报 名 微 信 : 48. Asset allocation refers to ____________. A. choosing which securities to hold based on their valuation B. investing only in "safe" securities C. the allocation of assets into broad asset classes D. bottom‐up analysis E. all of the above ca re Difficulty: Moderate 课 程 Asset allocation refers to the allocation of assets into broad asset classes. FA ee rC ar Difficulty: Moderate W in c 49. Which of the following portfolio construction methods starts with security analysis? A. Top‐down B. Bottom‐up C. Middle‐out D. Buy and hold E. Asset allocation Bottom‐up refers to using security analysis to find securities that are attractively priced. Top‐down refers to using asset allocation as a starting point. Difficulty: Moderate 50. Which of the following portfolio construction methods starts with asset allocation? A. Top‐down B. Bottom‐up C. Middle‐out D. Buy and hold E. Asset allocation Bottom‐up refers to using security analysis to find securities that are attractively priced. er ca re Difficulty: Moderate in _ W 信 : Short Answer Questions 微 报 名 51. Discuss the agency problem in detail. W in c ar ee rC FA 课 程 Managers are the agents of the shareholders, and should act on their behalf to maximize shareholder wealth (the value of the stock). A conflict (the agency conflict) arises when managers take self‐interested actions to the detriment of shareholders. The roles of the board of directors selected by the shareholders are to oversee management and to minimize agency problems. However, often these boards are figureheads, and individual shareholders do not own large enough blocks of the shares to override management actions. One potential resolution of an agency problem occurs when inefficient management actions cause the price of the stock to be depressed. The firm may then become a takeover target. If the acquisition is successful, managers may be replaced and potentially, stockholders benefit. Feedback: The question is designed to ascertain that the student understands the corporate relationship between shareholders, management, and the board of directors. In addition, this problem has been addressed extensively in recent years, both in the popular financial press during the mergers and acquisitions mania of the 1980s, and in the academic literature as agency theory. Difficulty: Moderate 52. Discuss the similarities and differences between real and financial assets. ca re er Real assets represent the productive capacity of the firm, and appear as assets on the firm's balance sheet. Financial assets are claims against the firm, and thus appear as liabilities on the firm's balance sheet. On the other hand, financial assets are listed on the asset side of the balance sheet of the individuals who own them. Thus, when financial statements are aggregated across the economy, the financial assets cancel out, leaving only the real assets, which directly contribute to the productive capacity of the economy. Financial assets contribute indirectly only. Feedback: The purpose of this question is to ascertain if the student understands the difference between real and financial assets, both in the aggregate balance sheet context and the rel...
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