Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.docx - Student Name Emily McBride Date Title of pathophysiology Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Definition This is a chronic condition

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.docx - Student Name Emily McBride...

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Student Name: Emily McBride Date: March 23, 2020 Title of pathophysiology: Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Definition This is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Causes The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. Usually, the body's own immune mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing (islet, or islets of Langerhans) cells in the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy. Different factors, including genetics and some viruses, may contribute to type 1 diabetes. Although type 1 diabetes usually appears during childhood or adolescence, it can develop in adults. S/S Signs can appear very quickly. Patients often have polydipsia, polyuria and polyphagia. They can also have blurred vision, unintended weight loss, mood changes, fatigue, and weakness throughout their body. Children can also begin bed wetting when it wasn’t a problem previously. Complications Over time, type 1 diabetes complications can affect major organs in your body, including heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. Maintaining a normal blood sugar level can dramatically reduce the risk of many complications. Life
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