Ethics and the Social Self 09 02 10

Ethics and the Social Self 09 02 10 - 9/2/2010 Ethics + The...

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9/2/2010 Ethics + The Social Self Chapter 3 Research Ethics The Social Self o Self-Awareness (Theory) o Self-Regulation o Sources of Self Knowledge 1. Harm: o The Risk/Benefit Ratio “The Golden Rule” of Ethical Research The benefits to the person and to the society must outweigh the risk of harm (physical, psychological, social, economic) o Internal Review Board (IRB) Evaluates research to manage risk 2. Invasion of Privacy o The stall watching experiment, for example o The T-Room trade – researchers are the “watch queen” Then followed men to cars and got license plate And then follow home and take survey – the men that did it ended up having demographics that are identical to neighbors. Confidentiality vs. Anonymity o Confidentiality: Dataset contains personal identifiers
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9/2/2010 Researcher protects dataset from others o Anonymity: Dataset contains no personal identifiers – can’t trace back who did what or said what when the study is over 3. Deception o Milgram Obedience Experiment Informed Consent o Giving sufficient information in order to make an informed decision to participate Cover Stories + Debriefing o Cover story – false story about the nature of a study; diverts attention from true purpose of study o Debriefing – educating participants about the nature of the study The Social Self: Part 1 Self Awareness o Humans become self aware as early as 12 months, then higher at 18 months, then vast majority by 2 years old o The self is an object of attention o at 18 months they develop “social smiling” cheesy smiling at this age, can also start showing embarrassment
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9/2/2010 o Varies across species Found only in certain primates (Gallup, 1970) and possibly dolphins Gallup – Rooge aka red dot (or mirror) test Took chimps and put them to sleep and put a red dot on their forehead. Put the chimp in the cage with a mirror o Touch mirror at first, then touch self o Touch more of their own head because they realize that the dot is on them o Shows that they have self awareness o Varies across situations Induced cameras, mirrors Thoughts about the self are infrequent o People are self aware less than 10% of the time o The most common thoughts are a job o Varies across persons Self Awareness Theory (Dival and Wicklund) o 1. Self-thoughts are relatively infrequent, but can be induced by environmental stimuli o 2. When we become self-aware, we compare our current behaviors to our internal standards o 3. Failing to meet our internal standards leads to one of two outcomes Outcome 1: change behavior to meet standard Outcome 2: dissatisfaction with the self o On Fleeing the Self
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9/2/2010 Dissatisfaction with the self can be painful The more people think their ideal selves, the more anxious and angry they become (Bybee et al., 1997) o the more you think of this person and you don’t meet these ideals and goals, the more anxious and angry you become
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This note was uploaded on 09/20/2011 for the course PSY 221 taught by Professor Hugenberg during the Fall '08 term at Miami University.

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Ethics and the Social Self 09 02 10 - 9/2/2010 Ethics + The...

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