Darwin+edit - Chapter 8 Evolution Question How did living...

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Chapter 8 Evolution
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2 Question…… How did living things form? Where did living things come from? Biologists want to know! Prevailing Theories: Pre-1800’s
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5 Challenges toward the prevailing theories - Building toward the Theory of Evolution Fossil Evidence – Eramus Darwin (grandfather) – (Cuvier, Buffon, LaMarck) Geological Evidence – age of earth more than 5000 years (Hutton, Lyell). Rise of Natural Science Farmer’s artificial selection
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Age 16, University of Edinburgh,  medical studies Studied theology at Cambridge  University His real love: study of nature
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8 Charles Darwin Ship Naturalist – 1831-1836 – Beagle Galapagos Island Collected/cataloged extensive specimen. Influenced by Thomas Malthus writing – Essay  on the Principle of Population -  “Populations increase geometrically, food increases arithmetically” – war, famine, disease, competition keep populations in check. Natural Selection & Survival of the Fittest would change the gene pool of a population.
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10 Alfred Wallace Influence Corresponded with Darwin – shared ideas – shared manuscripts- published simultaneously - 1858. Darwin published “The Origin Of The Species by Natural Selection” – “Descent with Modification” Wallace published “Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection”
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In 1858, Darwin received the  equivalent of a stomach punch.  It came in the form of a letter from a  young British biologist in the throes of  malaria-induced mania in Malaysia.  In the letter, 
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