bio264_document_section6.1StudyGuide.pdf - BIO 264 | Module 6 Nervous System Organization Study Guide Module 6.1 Study Guide Module 6.1 Objectives \u2713

bio264_document_section6.1StudyGuide.pdf - BIO 264 | Module...

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BIO 264 | Module 6: Nervous System Organization Study Guide Page 1 Module 6.1 Objectives: Explain the organization of the nervous system including the Central nervous system (CNS), Peripheral Nervous System (PNS), Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) and Enteric Nervous System. Describe the process for information to be communicated between the CNS and PNS. Understand the role of the Efferent Neurons, Afferent Neurons, Control Center, Receptors, & Effectors. Explain the structure of a neuron (soma, dendrites, axon, myelin, axon terminals) and the neurons unique features in lifespan, metabolic rate and mitotic ability. Describe how neurons are classified by structure and function. Structural Classification: Multipolar, Bipolar, Unipolar. Functional Classification: Sensory, Motor, Interneurons. Describe the neuroglia cells of the CNS and PNS (Astrocyte, Oligodendrocyte, Ependymal Cells, Microglial Cells, Satellite Cells, & Schwann Cells) and their form, function and relationship with Neurons. Explain the process of salutatory conduction and how myelin sheaths speed up the sending of the action potentials along the axon Nodes of Ranvier. 6.1 ORGANIZATION Compare and contrast the structure and function of Neurons and Glial Cells. Explain the organization of the Nervous System. Draw a concept map to diagram the nervous system and add details as you go through this module. Include anatomy structures involved, functions, unique features, general effects, and relationships. You will be learning more about the Autonomic Nervous System in Module 10 and can expand your concept map more then. Be sure to include in your diagram these main
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