What is DBMS? Database - Logical collection of data with some inherent meaning. A database management system (DBMS) is a software package designed to define, manipulate, retrieve and manage data in a database. A DBMS generally manipulates the data itself, the data format, field names, record structure and file structure. It also defines rules to validate and manipulate this data. A DBMS relieves users of framing programs for data maintenance. Fourth-generation query languages, such as SQL, are used along with the DBMS package to interact with a database. Some other DBMS examples include: ●MySQL ●SQL Server ●Oracle ●dBASE ●FoxPro Types of DBMS: Following are the different types of DBMS: ●Hierarchical DBMS: This type of database management system showcases a style of predecessor-successor type of relationship. You can consider it to be similar to a tree, where the nodes of the tree represent records and the branches of the tree represent fields. ●Relational DBMS (RDBMS): This type of Database management system, has a structure which allows the users to identify and access data in relationto another piece of data in the database. In this type of DBMS, the data is stored in the form of tables. ●Network DBMS: This type of database management system supports many to many relations where multiple user records can be linked. ●Object-oriented DBMS: This type of database management system uses small individual software called objects. Here, each object contains a piece of data and the instructions for the actions to be done with the data.
Advantages of DBMS: ●It offers a variety of methods to store and retrieve various formats of data using thequery language. ●It can be easily maintainedbecause of its nature of a centralized database system. ●Facilitatesmultipleapplicationsusingthesamedatawithlessdevelopmentandmaintenance time. ●Provides data security and integrity with minimal data duplicity and redundancy. ●It allows seamless integration into the application programming languages like Java andPython to enable the users to connect a database with any application or website. ●Has automatic backup and recoverysystems to create an automatic backup of data. ●Authorizes users who can view, share and access data.Disadvantages of DBMS: ●Databases Management Systems are often complex systems. ●Few of the DBMS available in the market are licensed. So, you have to pay to use thatDBMS in your organization. ●Most leading companies store their data in a single database. Hence, if that database isdamaged due to any reason, the complete data would be lost. ●DBMS that you wish to use might not be compatible with an organization’s operationalrequirements.