9c486d1c86a1fd1b04639eaf2ec5be4e - Lecture Study Guide -...

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Lecture Study Guide - focus not only on knowing the terms and concepts, but examples of each one. Examples will likely be the basis of test questions, not specific definitions. Introduction Natural resource- something natural and useful to humans. Ex: forest Conservation- state of harmony between man and land; existence of etiological conscience Land ethic- individual responsibility for health of land Sustainability- using resources in manner that will leave them for future generations; ex: endangered species Earth Summit in 1992 (CBD)- binding treaty signed by 193 parties Resource problems of the Roman Empire- overgrazing, loss of trees/deforestation, erosion, salinization, massive loss of mesocarnivores, crop loss, pollution The Industrial Age; think of consequences for natural resources- degradation of water, land, and forest; pollution Romanticists- reductionism! Nature is more than sum of parts Alexander von Humboldt - what did he do?- : wrote about oyster overfishing and overharvesting of trees and changes in water sources to lakes, over harvesting of birds and turtle eggs, and lack of reforestation in South America. Henry David Thoreau - what is he known for?- naturalist writer (Walden) perhaps an anarchist, wrote extensively about nature, including forest succession and how the world works (GDI) George Perkins Marsh - what is he known for?- scientist and congressman from Vermont. Wrote Man and Nature 1864. Wrote about natural laws and harmony, the world all worked together. Humans cause “disturbed harmonies.” John Muir - what is he known for? founded the Sierra Club in 1892. Wrote about environmental destruction from development in CA. felt everyone should be in touch with the natural world. Extremely hardcore, borderline extremist. Gifford Pinchot - what is he known for? began the modern idea of conservation, not preservation. Using nature without destroying it. “wise use.” Theodore Roosevelt - what is he known for? 26 th president, 1901-1908. Franklin D. Roosevelt - what is he known for? Created Tennessee Valley Authority. . Also started Civilian Conservation Corps Aldo Leopold and the Land Ethic - what is he known for? Considered three phases in the development of human ethics: 1) relationships among individuals; 2) individuals and society; and 3) the individual’s relationship to land and nature Frontier ethics- took whatever you wanted. No worries about future
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9c486d1c86a1fd1b04639eaf2ec5be4e - Lecture Study Guide -...

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