Final Notes - I. II. Society of Professional Journalists &...

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I. a. Encourage the free practice of journalism b. Stimulates high standards of ethical behavior c. Founded in 1909 as Sigma Delta Chi d. Promotes free flow of information vital to a well-informed citizenry e. Protects 1 st Amendment guarantees of freedom of speech and press through its advocacy efforts f. Seek truth and report it i. Support open exchange of ideas ii. Avoid undercover or other surreptitious methods of gaining infomation g. Minimize harm i. Give everyone respect ii. Show compassion iii. Show good taste h. Act independently i. Free of obligation to any interest other than the public’s right to know ii. Avoid conflicts of interest iii. Remain free of associations and activities that can compromise integrity or damage credibility iv. Deny favored treatment to advertisers and special interests and resist their pressure to influence news coverage i. Be accountable i. Admit mistakes ii. Expose unethical practices iii. Abide by high standards iv. Encourage the public to voice grievances II. Our Model of ALL Media: The Ethos of Democracy a. Journalists: have obligation to serve people and democracy and be a watchdog b. People: need to know news in order to exercise our rights and obligations in a democracy c. Society: Democracy needs citizen participation and journalism as a watchdog d. You are the consumer i. Not receiver of media message ii. Active, not passive iii. Choose what we attend to iv. Choose how we use messages v. Interpret/apply meaning to messages vi. Constantly evolving and changing e. Reporters i. Construct their reality (news) based on their knowledge of events; that knowledge is culturally determined ii. Consumers influence reporters
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iii. Reporters influence consumers iv. Society (culture) influences reporters v. Reporters influence society f. Society (culture) i. There are many cultures within any culture ii. Society influences us (consumers and reporters) iii. Consumers and reporters influence society iv. Society is constantly changing and evolving III. Hutchins’ Commission: The Problem (1943) a. Few people have access to media to distribute their messages b. Media ownership is concentrated in fewer and fewer hands c. Media provide fewer outlets for news and views d. Population is almost completely dependent on media for news and views e. Few people have access to express their opinions and views f. Those who own the press have not met the needs of society and engage in practices that society condemns g. Concentration of ownership in the hands of a few puts the needs to society in danger h. Press regulation or control will be inevitable if press owners continue to engage in unethical practices IV. Hutchins’ Commission: Journalism’s Obligation (1943) a. Provide truthful account of day’s event b. Serve as a forum for exchange of ideas c. Provide fair picture of all groups in society d. Present and clarify society’s goals and values e. Provide access to all news
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This note was uploaded on 09/21/2011 for the course JOUR 3310 taught by Professor Johnsoloski during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Final Notes - I. II. Society of Professional Journalists &...

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