LING - final study guide

LING - final study guide - Diachronic: change of...

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Diachronic: change of linguistics over time Synchronic: at one time Language Family: related by derivation from a single language, same source Proto-Ino-European (PIE): a proto language; single ancestor of today’s European and Indian languages Family Tree Model: uses metaphor of a tree to explain language change - advantages: clearly shows relationships (branches) - disadvantages: does not give an explanation Wave Theory: innovations spread like waves throughout - advantages: gives an explanation - disadvantages: doesn’t show relationships, no boundaries Analogical Change: x:y::z:____ Paradigmatic Leveling: spread of an allomorph to put words on the same level; maintain a constant phonetic shape (ex. Write/wrote writ/written Back Formation: take a word that seems to be derived morphologically but is not and undo the morphology to create a word (ex. Nomination::nomination orientation::orientate) Folk Etymology: take a word that is morphologically unclear and reanalyze it with comprehensible morphemes (ex. Otcheck
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This note was uploaded on 09/21/2011 for the course LING 2100 taught by Professor Delisi during the Fall '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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LING - final study guide - Diachronic: change of...

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