SOCI 1101 Test 1 Lecture Notes

SOCI 1101 Test 1 Lecture Notes - SOCI 1101 Lecture Notes...

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SOCI 1101 Lecture Notes 17 August 2009 Social Life - Consists of: o Talking, laughing, dating, mating, arguing, expressing cultural values, entertaining, arts, evaluating, judging, teaching, learning, adapting, forming groups, forming and expressing opinions, working, religion, emotions, etc Dimensions of Social Life 1) Stratification (economic) a. Working, buying, selling, wealth, poverty 2) Morphology (relationships) a. Family, communities, networks, friendships 3) Culture (expressive behavior) a. Art, entertainment, sport, religion, fashion, cuisine 4) Organization  (group behavior) a. Small/large, formal/informal, government 5) Social Control (right and wrong) a. Disputes, conflict management 19 August 2009 Beginning Sociology - Begins with a sense of wonder o Why are things the way they are? - Take social world for granted - Struck by how strange the familiar is - Called the “sociological eye” by Randall Collins o There is sociology in everything The Sociological Eye - Being an outsider opens your sociological eye o Some people experience this all the time (ex. Minorities) Usually more perceptive See and questions what others take for granted - Humor triggers to sociological eye o “A celebrity is someone who works hard his entire life to become well-known, then wears dark glasses to avoid being recognized.” o Uses humor to draw attention to more serious topics - Reading opens the sociological eye
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o Gain more information - Wonder Research Theory/Explanation Two Types of Explanation - Macro: all effected by larger forces in our lives; more distant forces o Usually unaware of them o Societal inequity, unemployment, rising divorce rates o Have no control over these forces o Shows we are apart of something larger o Understand common experience 21 August 2009 I. Macro Explanations a. Locate causes of social behavior in large scale social changes i. Ex. Changes in growth of law or the class structure of society II. Micro Explanations a. Invoke small scale and local causes i. Ex. Parents or peer pressure; theories of rime explain crime with poor parenting skills III. Similarities a. Locate the cause of behavior in the social environment, not in genes (biology) or personality (psychology) IV. Giordano’s “The Wider Circle of Friends” a. Studied African Americans and interaction with school b. Began reading yearbooks i. Found messages more interesting than the actual content c. Difference between wider circle and close friends d. Broke messages into three rules i. Say something nice about receiver ii. Talk about relationship iii. Give advice, words of wisdom, or good wishes e. Intimate friends write longer/warmer messages f. Wider circle wrote more general, blunt, shorter messages i. More variation, may be harsh g. Messages from close friends are important because they affirm a sense of self-worth h. Messages from wider circle more important because they reflect how a wider populations perceives you i. May also be wrong ii. Something of a reality check
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iii. Friends-in-waiting i. Reliability of her research i. Sample may not be varied ii.
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