SOCI 1101 Test 3 Lecture Notes

SOCI 1101 Test 3 Lecture Notes - Test 3 Lecture Notes 12...

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Test 3 Lecture Notes 12 October 2009 I. Culture: the expressive side of social life II. Why culture matters? a. Includes art, religion, fashion, science, values, and sport b. Race and ethnicity c. Considerable explanatory power i. What we find interesting ii. Why the American south has long had higher rates of violence 1. Different set of values in the South iii. The rise of capitalism (Weber) 1. Product of Calvinism (religious values of thrift, sobriety, etc.) iv. Why airplanes crash 1. Malcolm Gladwell III. Long-term Trends a. Early societies were culturally homogenous – ethnically, linguistically, religiously, etc. b. With agriculture, larger societies incorporated many local cultures i. These societies became culturally diverse c. They developed, often on top of local cultures (ex. Local languages), a wider, cross-societal culture (ex. Latin, Christianity) d. But big differences remained across regions of the globe e. In industrial societies, an even wider, global culture emerges i. Aided by transitional corporations f. Local cultures become increasingly threatened g. Possibly becoming one, global culture IV. Global Mono-Culture a. Small cultures are dying out – languages (Ostler) i. Estimates 6000 current languages ii. By 2050, expected half of languages to die iii. iv. 3586 small languages spoken by 6.2% v. 83 big languages spoken by 79.4% b. Worldwide spread of English and American culture c. More global events (Olympics, World Cup, Michael Jackson’s Memorial Service) d. Increasingly we find: i. The same movies and songs everywhere
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ii. Fashion iii. Same values (human rights) iv. Architecture and city planning – cities and malls look the same everywhere e. More difficult to find a place different from the U.S. i. Less true among rural areas f. Trend will continue as people continue to move to cities and development takes place 14 October 2009 I. Mono-culture (continued) a. Globalization also increases diversity within societies (emigration, travel) b. Respect for diversity is built into global culture (ex. Language preservation, rights of minorities) c. Different groups interpret and use global culture differently (ex. Bollywood, fusion cuisine, world music) d. Process of cultural homogenization e. Culture is dynamic and itself incorporates diverse elements i. Food: you can find McDonald’s virtually everywhere; also sushi and other cuisines f. There is no single culture taking over the world g. Small, local, homogenous cultures are declining h. Large, global, heterogeneous cultures are growing i. Dynamic diversity within homogenization II. World Values a. Global culture includes global sociology b. World Values Survey studies peoples values all over the world i. 5 surveys (1981-2008) have covered 90% of world’s population c. Use a standardized questionnaire translated into local languages d. Asked people about issues, including tolerance of other groups, democracy, equality of the sexes, motivations for
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SOCI 1101 Test 3 Lecture Notes - Test 3 Lecture Notes 12...

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