Final Exam Study Guide - Race and Representation -...

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Race and Representation - Stereotypes: Image labels that we assign to a group of people that show what we- believe the group is like and how we think persons in that group will behave - Reasons for stereotyping Diversity Limited knowledge Familiarity with particular characteristics - Attributing one characteristic to the entire group (e.g., listening to music excessively loud) =Selectivity of observation · Notice behaviors more that one associates with group (e.g., cheating) instead of all the times opposite behaviors are demonstrated (e.g., honesty) · Types of stereotypes § Valuable and superior · Tend to be the dominant group’s positive view of themselves, makes them superior and others inferior § Inferior · Generally about minority groups · Often very negative images (e.g., they are lazy, dirty, etc.) § Useful · Stereotypes indicating that minorities serve a useful purpose in society, but are not full-fledged members of society (e.g., Indian merchants) § Irritating · Portray minorities as annoying, irritating, etc. § Dangerous · Some people fear members of other ethnic groups (e.g., whites are too scared to enter an African American neighborhood) § Exotic · Treats members of minority groups as exotic, interesting · Often deal with sexuality § These stereotypes are often unconscious and closely associated with one another · Definition of archetype and application to black stereotypes in popular culture § Symbol which reoccurs often enough in media to be recognized in one’s literary experience as a whole · The five black archetypes (from lecture – Donald Bogle) § Tom · Usually an older black man · Always chased, hounded, and insulted · Never turn against white masters · Generous, selfless, kind · Endear themselves to white audiences, almost as a hero
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· Example: Uncle Tom’s Cabin , C. Powell ad § Coon · Usually happy-go-lucky, but lazy character · Most blatantly degrading of all black stereotypes · Butcher English language, eat watermelons, steal chickens · Example: Method Man and Redman in How High § Mammy · Two main sets of images § Coon distinguished by gender: fiercely independent, crabby, coarse, larger black woman § Other way: larger black woman, servant to white family, distant with her own children, but loves the white children she works for · Example: Aunt Jemima, Monique (actress), Luzianne (coffee and tea) § Tragic Mulatto · Explored the plight of fair-skinned African Americans trying to pass for white · Made likeable due to their white blood · Audiences feel sorry for the tragic mulatto character, and believe he/ she would be a productive member of society is only society was not so racially divided · Example: the novel Mulatto by Joan Ellis; movie where the actress is living as a white woman, but is actually black § Buck · Big, brutal, over-sexed black men · A threat to white women · Example: Grand Theft Auto character
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This note was uploaded on 09/21/2011 for the course SOCI 2820 taught by Professor Macpherson during the Fall '07 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Final Exam Study Guide - Race and Representation -...

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