SOCI 2820 Lecture Notes

SOCI 2820 Lecture Notes - SOCI 2820 Lecture Notes...

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SOCI 2820 Lecture Notes 18 August 2009 I. What is sociology? a. Human behavior in society b. Systematic observations c. Social behavior and social change II. Sociological Perspective a. Social patterns that influence individuals and group life b. Participate in social life and analyze broader meanings III. Debunking a. Limitations of myths b. Behind the scenes patterns that shape behavior c. Question common sense d. “An outsider within” IV. Sociological Imagination a. Personal troubles vs. public issues b. Diverse perspectives c. Developed by C. Wright Mills V. Structure a. Patterns of social behavior imposed, recreated, challenged and changed by us b. Social class, race, gender, institutions c. Closely linked with culture d. Enables and constrains human behavior e. Shapes our beliefs and lives 20 August 2009 Book Notes – Race Theory I. Cultural Assimilation a. Change of cultural patterns to those of the core society II. Structural Assimilation a. Penetration of cliques and associations of the core society at the primary group III. Marital Assimilation a. Significant intermarriage IV. Identification Assimilation a. Development of a sense of identity linked to the core society V. Attitude-Receptional Assimilation a. Absence of intentional discrimination VI. Civic Assimilation
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a. Absence of value and power conflict VII. 4 Classes in U.S. Capitalism a. Capitalists: control capital investments and the means of production and who buy the labor of many others b. Managers: modest-sized group of people who work as administrators for capitalists and have been granted control over others c. Petit bourgeoisie: merchants who control their own businesses and do most of the work themselves d. Working class: blue and white collar workers who sell their labor to employees in return for wages and salaries VIII. Enclave Theory: examines secondary-structural incorporation into the economy IX. Social Rearticulation: recurring historical process of rupturing and reconstructing the understandings of race in the U.S. Theories of Race and Ethnicity I. Theory a. Set of statements/propositions that seek to explain or predict a particular aspect of social life b. Different levels c. Is/ought i. Explains what is, not what ought to be II. Stratification a. Structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates unequal rewards and power in society b. Race, class, gender III. Theories a. Assimilation/competition: what happens when groups come into contact with one another i. Competition: new groups compete against each other b. Power-conflict theories: focus on economic subordination and institutionalized discrimination IV. Assimilation Theory a. Spurred most sociology around race b. More or less orderly adaptation of a migrating group to the ways and institutions of an established group c. Saw differences in how similar groups assimilated d. Basic idea is that non-native Americans/immigrants would come to the U.S.
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