Grammar - Chapter 7 Talking about generalities and giving...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 7 Talking about generalities and giving information: Impersonal se 1. When we talk about generalities without mentions a specific subject, in English we use the words one, people, you, we , or they in impersonal sentences They say there are good job opportunists in the big cities. ( They refers to people in general.) To express this impersonal subject in Spanish, use the impersonal se . Se + third person singular verb Ex: Se dice que la nueva fábrica será una importante fuente de trabajo. 2. The impersonal se is also used to report an action in the passive voice that does not specify who is doing the action. In this case, Spanish uses the following structure: Se + third person singular verb + singular subject Se + third person plural verb + plural subject Ex: Se necesita ingeniero en computadoras. Se necesitan administradores de empresa bilingües. 3. The impersonal se construction is used in signs that give information or warning Se alquila(n)… Se habla español. Se necesita secretaria. Describing general qualities: Lo + adjective 1. To describe general qualities or abstract ideas, as in the good thing, the interesting thing , Spanish uses the neuter article lo followed by an adjective. Ex: Lo interesante es que mi jefe me dio un aumento. 2. For emphasis or to express degree of quality, the words más or menos may be added. Lo + singular masculine adjective Lo + más/menos + singular masculine adjective Ex: Lo bueno de este trabajo es el horario flexible.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
3. Common phrases in Spanish are: Lo bueno, lo mejor, lo peor, lo malo, lo importante, lo cómico, lo interesante, lo fantástico Ex: Lo que me encanta de mi trabajo es la camaradería de mis colegas. Explaining what you want others to do: Indirect commands 1. Indirect commands are used to tell a person what one wants other people to do Ex: Susy, que Sonia prepare los documentos para la reunion, por favor. **The present subjunctive is used in Spanish for the indirect command. 2. Que, meaning let, may , or have , is always used to introduce the indirect command. The subject may go before the verb or after the objects. Que + (subject) + verb + object + (subject) Ex: Que Ester y José escriban el informe. 3. The indirect command is used: a. To tell someone what you want another person to do Ex: Que Inés te dé lost nuevos contratos. b. To express good wishes to another person. Ex: ¡Que tengas suerte en la entrevista! Capítulo 8 Describing past desires, giving advice, and expressing doubts: Imperfect subjunctive 1. When the main clause states desires, advice, and doubts in the past, use the imperfect subjunctive in the dependent clause. Ex: Yo les recomendé que (ellos) vieran la exposición de Frida Kahlo. 2.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 8

Grammar - Chapter 7 Talking about generalities and giving...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online