NEG Military CP.docx - 1NC The standard is maximizing expected wellbeing Prefer for 3 reasons 1 Util is best in making large policy decisions University

NEG Military CP.docx - 1NC The standard is maximizing...

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1NC The standard is maximizing expected wellbeing. Prefer for 3 reasons: 1) Util is best in making large policy decisions. University of Kansas ‘14 . “Professor Studies How Utilitarianism Provides Framework for Major Policy Decisions.” The University of Kansas, 16 June 2014, Date accessed: 16 July 2019 policy-decisions. NC LAWRENCE — Critics have decried the use of utilitarianism to justify major American policy changes, like the Affordable Care Act and raising the minimum wage, instead arguing both fail the "do no harm" test. But a University of Kansas researcher who recently edited The Cambridge Companion to Util itarianism says the theory based on the maximization of overall well-being is the most well-suited way of thinking in political philosophy to make sound large-scale policy decisions . "It doesn’t make sense to insist on 'do no harm' when the status quo presents us with problems that need to be addressed," said Ben Eggleston, associate professor of philosophy. "The status quo has real shortcomings, and it is worth looking into whether we can make improvements. All major policy decisions involve tradeoffs, and util itarianism provides a framework for making those tradeoffs and trying to do so in the way that promotes the common good the most ." Jeremy Bentham in the 18th century and John Stuart Mill in the 19th century pioneered utilitarianism, and it remains influential in contemporary moral philosophy. Eggleston, who co-edited the book with Dale E. Miller, a professor of philosophy at Old Dominion University, said one argument against using utilitarianism to justify policies, such as increasing the minimum wage or instituting mandatory health insurance coverage under the Affordable Care Act, centers on some unusual hypothetical cases instead of considering broader, more complex policy questions. N. Gregory Mankiw, a Harvard University economics professor, in a March New York Times column criticized both policies, saying they would have unintended consequences and do harm to business, for example. He argued against using utilitarianism as a public policy framework and mentioned the ethical dilemma of a doctor weighing harvesting the organs of one healthy patient to save four dying patients. 2) Util is a prerequisite to any other value, because all actions depend on foreseeable consequences. Harris ’10 Sam Harris. October 2010, The Moral Landscape, How Science Can Determine Human Values. - content/uploads/2013/05/The_Moral_Landscape__How_Science_Can_Determine_Human_Values.pdf I believe that we will increasingly understand good and evil , right and wrong, in scientific terms, because moral concerns translate into facts about how our thoughts and behaviors affect the well-being of conscious creatures like ourselves .
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