Poverty Poverty in an increasingly dangerous conflict that crushes social mobility and harms disadvantaged neighborhoods worse. Kneebone 17 (nonresident senior fellow @ the Metropolitan Policy Program at Brookings and co-author of Confronting Suburban Poverty in America, “The Changing Geography of US Poverty.” Brookings, Brookings, 15 Feb. 2017, NG) Differences are less striking across the urban and suburban poor populations as a whole than they are across neighborhoods at different levels of poverty, regardless of where they are located. Poor neighborhoods tend to cluster disadvantages that create a drag on upward mobility and the long-term prospects of residents getting out of poverty over time.[ 5] That is especially concerning because, after making gains in the 1990s toward de-concentrating poverty (i.e., reducing the number of very poor neighborhoods and the share of the poor living in them ), the 2000s marked a rapid re-emergence of concentrated disadvantage, particularly in the post-recession period , that essentially erased earlier progress. The number of extremely poor neighborhoods (census tracts with poverty rates of 40 percent or more) in the United States more than doubled between 2000 and 2010-14 , as did the share of poor residents living in them. While concentrated poverty (i.e., the share of poor residents living in extremely poor neighborhoods) historically has been a largely urban challenge, the fastest growing concentrations of poverty in the 2000s emerged beyond the urban core. Suburbs saw the number of poor residents living in distressed neighborhoods grow by 188 percent , ahead of small metro areas (172 percent), rural communities (103 percent), and cities (80 percent). Urban residents remain disproportionately likely to live in areas of concentrated poverty: In 2010-14, cities posted a concentrated poverty rate of 25.5 percent, compared to 13.7 percent in small metro areas, and 7.1 percent in both suburbs and rural communities. But the pace of growth in concentrated disadvantage , and the rapid emergence of high-poverty neighborhoods, outside of city centers underscores the significant shifts and expansions the map of poverty in the United States has undergone in recent years, and the increasingly shared challenge it represents. Poverty kills more than nuclear war or the nazi genocide – it’s a systemic impact that outweighs on duration and timeframe. Abu Jamal 98 (“A Quiet and Deadly Violence”, 9/19/98, http//) It has often been observed that America is a truly violent nation, as shown by the thousands of cases of social and communal violence that occurs daily in the nation . Every year, some 20,000 people are killed by others, and additional 20,000 folks kill themselves. Add to this the nonlethal violence that Americans daily inflict on each other, and we begin to see the tracings of a nation immersed in a fever of violence. But, as remarkable, and harrowing as this level and degree of violence is, it is, by far, not the most violent feature of living in the midst of the American empire.
- Summer '20