AFF blocks.docx - A\/2 GED test Turn \u2013 the GED test encourages students to drop out because they believe they have a second chance Hanford et al

AFF blocks.docx - A/2 GED test Turn – the GED test...

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A/2 GED test Turn – the GED test encourages students to drop out because they believe they have a second chance. Hanford et al. ’13 . [Emily Hanford is a senior producer and correspondent for APM Reports., Stephen Smith And Laurie Stern Sep. 2013, "Second-Chance Diploma: Examining the GED," No Publication, ] NC Some states actually offer GED preparation classes in certain high schools now. These programs target students at risk of dropping out and offer them the GED instead. Heckman's research shows that high school completion rates fell 4 percent in Oregon districts that introduced this kind of GED program. The GED is "producing the very problem [it] was intended to solve ," says Heckman. " It's creating a high school dropout problem ." Richard Murnane agrees. He's an economist at the Harvard Graduate School of Education who studies the GED. He notes that for much of the 20th century, the U.S. high school graduation rate steadily rose. Between 1900 and 1970, the rate went from 6 percent to 80 percent. But then it stagnated. There was essentially no growth in the high school graduation rate for 30 years. Murnane wrote in a recent paper that the GED is, at least in part, to blame: " The availability of the GED credential leads some teenagers to drop out of school who otherwise would have
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