Misdemeanors

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Unformatted text preview: l Law Classifications of Criminal Conduct Felonies vs. Misdemeanors Felonies are punishable by fine or imprisonment of more than a year Misdemeanors are punishable by fine or imprisonment for less than a year Criminal Law Criminal Law Initiating a Criminal Case Felonies are initiated by a grand jury indictment Misdemeanors are initiated by the government filing a charge, typically called an information Criminal Law Criminal Law Arraignment = The accused answers the charge(s) made against him/her before the court Possible pleas: Guilty Not guilty No contest (nolo contendere) Criminal Law Criminal Law Constitutional Issues Fourth Amendment – Illegal Search and Seizure Police typically must obtain a search warrant before searching a person, premises, or other property Courts require probable cause in order to issue a search warrant Some exceptions to the warrant requirement exist Criminal Law Criminal Law Constitutional Issues Fifth Amendment Self­Incrimination Double Jeopardy Criminal Law Criminal Law Constitutional Issues Sixth Amendment Right to a speedy and public trial Right to a trial by jury Right to be informed of the charge against you Right to confront your accuser Right to subpoena witnesses in your favor Right to counsel...
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