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World History Test 2 Study Guide

World History Test 2 Study Guide - E uripides Athenian...

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Euripides - Athenian dramatist, tried to create more realistic characters. His plots became more complex and showed a greater interest in real-life situations. Euripides was controversial. He questioned traditional values. He portrayed war as brutal and barbaric and expressed deep compassion for the women and children who suffered as a result of it. Wrote Trojan Women. Aristotle - Philospher who attended Plato's school for 20 years. Zeno the Philosopher - Stoicism was the product of a teacher named Zeno. Zeno came to Athens and began to teach in a building known as the Painted Portico. Aristophanes - A prolific and much acclaimed comic playwright of ancient Athens Peloponnesian War - After the defeat of the Persians, the Greek world came to be divided into two major camps: the Athenian Empire and Sparta. At the beginning of the war, both sides believed they had winning strategies. The Athenians planned to remain behind the city’s protective walls and receive supplies from their colonies and navy. The Spartans and their allies surrounded Athens, hoping that the Athenians would send out their army to fight beyond the walls. Pericles knew, however, that the Spartan forces could beat the Athenians in open battles. He also believed that Athens was secure behind its walls, so the Athenians stayed put. In the second year of the war, a plague broke out in overly crowded Athens, killing more than a third of the people. Pericles himself died the following year. Despite these severe losses, the Athenians fought on in a struggle that lasted for about another 25 years. A crushing blow came in 405 B.C., when the Athenian fleet was destroyed at Aegospotami on the Hellespont. Within the next year, Athens surrendered. Delian League - Anti-Persian alliance. Antigonus - One of alexander's generals, one of which is given a share of alexander's empire. Macedon Ptolemy - Another one of Alexander's generals who is given a share of his empire. Egypt. Seleucid Empire - Ruled Persia, one of alexander's generals who was given persia after he died Granicus River - Issus - Greatest battle of world history, between persia and greek.
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Darius III vs. Alexander Polity - Marathon - The Persians landed on the plain of Marathon, only 26 miles from Athens. There, an outnumbered Athenian army attacked and defeated the Persians decisively. Salamis - A battle on the sea. Greek fleet defeats persian navy Miltiades - Platea - Gaugamela - Alexander turned east and fought the decisive battle with the Persians at Gaugamela, not far from Babylon. After this victory, Alexander took possession of the rest of the Persian Empire. Philip II - Macedonian Leader, wanted to unite all of Greece under Macedonia. He gained control of all of Greece and was then assassinated. Thermopylae - Heraclea - Porus - The Raja of india, one who fought with alexander, captured by alexander and then became an ally of alexander Megasthenese - Greek beurocrat in india under alexander. He stays there after the rebellion in India and continues writing letters of the approval of being under greek reign Hephaistion - Alexander's boyfriend. Alex dumped barsine for him.
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World History Test 2 Study Guide - E uripides Athenian...

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