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Intro & Methods f11-1 - Chapter1 AnIntroductionto...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style  9/21/11 Chapter 1 An Introduction to  Introduction to Psychology
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 9/21/11 Studying Psychology:  Seven Organizing Themes Themes related to psychology as a field of  study: Psychology is empirical (Theme 1),  theoretically diverse (Theme 2), and it  evolves in a sociohistorical context (Theme  3). Themes related to psychology’s subject  matter:
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 9/21/11 Structuralism vs. Functionalism Structuralism The attempt to identify the most basic elements that comprise  mental experiences Wilhelm Wundt- “Father of psychology” Introspection: Exploring conscious mental processes  What are your five favorite songs? Functionalism Interested in how our minds adapt to changing environments William James  Viewed mental activities as having developed through ages  of evolution because of their adaptive functions
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 9/21/11 Behaviorism John B. Watson Founder of Behaviorism Behavior = overt or observable responses or activities Radical reorientation of psychology as a science of  observable behavior What are your five favorite songs? How could we measure this?
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 9/21/11 Freud: the Unconscious Mind Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Founded Psychoanalytic school of thought Emphasis on unconscious processes influencing behavior Unconscious = outside awareness Behavior is influenced by the unconscious Unconscious conflict related to sexuality plays a central role  in behavior Controversial notions caused debate/resistance (scandal)
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 9/21/11
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