Intro & Methods f11-1

Intro & Methods f11-1 - Chapter1 AnIntroductionto...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style  9/21/11 Chapter 1 An Introduction to  Introduction to Psychology
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 9/21/11 Studying Psychology:  ± Themes related to psychology as a field of  study: ± Psychology is empirical (Theme 1),  theoretically diverse (Theme 2), and it  evolves in a sociohistorical context (Theme  3). ± Themes related to psychology’s subject  matter:
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 9/21/11 Structuralism vs. Functionalism ± Structuralism ± The attempt to identify the most basic elements that comprise  mental experiences Wilhelm Wundt- “Father of psychology” ± Introspection: Exploring conscious mental processes  ± What are your five favorite songs? Functionalism ± Interested in how our minds adapt to changing environments ± William James  ± Viewed mental activities as having developed through ages  of evolution because of their adaptive functions
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 9/21/11 Behaviorism ± John B. Watson ± Founder of Behaviorism ± Behavior = overt or observable responses or activities ± Radical reorientation of psychology as a science of  observable behavior ± What are your five favorite songs? ± How could we measure this?
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 9/21/11 Freud: the Unconscious Mind ± Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) ± Founded Psychoanalytic school of thought ± Emphasis on unconscious processes influencing behavior ± Unconscious = outside awareness ± Behavior is influenced by the unconscious ± Unconscious conflict related to sexuality plays a central role  in behavior ± Controversial notions caused debate/resistance (scandal)
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Intro & Methods f11-1 - Chapter1 AnIntroductionto...

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