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Based on the American “constitution,” which internal and external stakeholders, in the policy making process, possess “constitutional legitimacy” for their role in making public policy? Do entities with explicit power have more influence than those entities with implied powers in making public policy? Should they? Why or why not? According to Milakovich & Gordon (2012, p. 13), "The U.S. Constitution is silent on the subject of public administration and management, except to refer to Congress's legislative authorization and appropriation authority and the president's responsibility to " faithfully execute the laws"." I honestly believe that the constitution needs to update because the intent and language is more than likely outdated. According to Sedler (2016, p.267), there are four components to American Federal system, which are the following state sovereignty and constitutional limitations on state power, the powers of the federal government, the relationship between the states. Selder going on to say, " The american