Outline, HIST 104, Class 3, Early European Expansion, Thurs Sept 1, 2011

Outline, HIST 104, Class 3, Early European Expansion, Thurs Sept 1, 2011

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History of the Modern World 104-1 Prof. Foray Thursday, September 1, 2011 Looking Overseas: Early European Expansion I. What makes possible the exploration and establishment of overseas territories at this point in time? A. More centralized authority at home B. Increased wealth C. New technological developments in the fields of navigation (caravel, astrolabe, translation of Ptolemy’s Geography ) and weaponry (cannon, for instance) II. Formative exploration and encounters A. Portugal and Spain lead the way, but England, The Netherlands, and France join in 1. See map on p. 452 of your text B. Portugal: first explores coast of Africa under sponsorship of Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) 1. Bartholomew Dias rounds Cape of Good Hope in 1488 2. Vasco de Gama reaches Calicut in India, in 1498, which leads to beginning of all- water trade route to India
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Unformatted text preview: C. Spain: Ferdinand and Isabella (1479-1516) mobilize kingdoms great resources to establish a vast overseas empire 1. Christopher Columbus sets sail for Asia, in August 1492; in this and later voyages, reached all of the major islands of the Caribbean and the mainland of Central America Doc.: Columbus, Letter on his First Voyage, 1493 2. Ferdinand Magellan/Sebastian del Cano: 1519 voyage through strait at southern tip of South America, on to Philippines: first to circumnavigate the world 3. Hernn Corts conquers Aztec empire of Mexico by 1522; Francisco Pizzaro conquers the Inca empire of Peru by 1536 = tremendous amounts of silver III. Motivations and justifications for overseas exploration and rule A. Doc .: Azurara, Why Prince Henry the Navigator Decided to Explore Africa (undated) B. God, Glory, Gold...
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Outline, HIST 104, Class 3, Early European Expansion, Thurs Sept 1, 2011

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