Outline, HIST 104, Class 4, Thirty Years' War, Absolutism and Louis XIV, Tues Sept 6, 2011 (1)

Outline, HIST 104, Class 4, Thirty Years' War, Absolutism and Louis XIV, Tues Sept 6, 2011 (1)

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History of the Modern World Prof. Foray Tuesday, September 6, 2011 War, Peacemaking, and Early Modern Political Systems, Part I I. The religious war to end all religious wars: the Thirty Years’ War of 1618-1648 A. Begins in Bohemian province of the Holy Roman Empire in May 1618 B. Fought mostly in Holy Roman Empire, but draws in, and affects, most of Europe C. Concluded with Peace (or Treaty) of Westphalia, signed in October 1648 1. Creation of new nations and new shift in power a. See Map of Europe as it existed after Treaty was signed: 484 of text II. Absolutism: “L’état, c’est moi!” (“ I am the state!”) A. What is it? 1. Monarch holds sole and uncontestable power over the state and his/her subjects 2. Royal power linked with divine authority 3. Creation of new bureaucracies and standing armies
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Unformatted text preview: III. Louis XIV of France, The Sun King: most notable absolutist ruler A. On throne from 1643-1715 1. Assumed position upon death of his father, Louis XIII, in 1643 but declared of age to rule in 1651; inherits general instability after wars with nobles B. Louis XIV centralizes power; creates new agencies and trains new administrators; builds economy and military 1. King in council and king in court: creation of Versailles a. Doc: From the Memoirs of the Duke of Saint-Simon ; Louis XIV, Letter to his Heir 2. Revokes Edict of Nantes in 1685 3. Mercantilist policy of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Louis controller general (minister of finance) 4. Creates of large professional army C. Aggressive foreign policy and near-constant wars with neighbors; bankrupting of the state...
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Outline, HIST 104, Class 4, Thirty Years' War, Absolutism and Louis XIV, Tues Sept 6, 2011 (1)

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