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Unformatted text preview: III. Louis XIV of France, “The Sun King”: most notable absolutist ruler A. On throne from 1643-1715 1. Assumed position upon death of his father, Louis XIII, in 1643 but declared of age to rule in 1651; inherits general instability after wars with nobles B. Louis XIV centralizes power; creates new agencies and trains new administrators; builds economy and military 1. “King in council and king in court”: creation of Versailles a. Doc: From the Memoirs of the Duke of Saint-Simon ; Louis XIV, Letter to his Heir 2. Revokes Edict of Nantes in 1685 3. Mercantilist policy of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Louis’ controller general (minister of finance) 4. Creates of large professional army C. Aggressive foreign policy and near-constant wars with neighbors; bankrupting of the state...
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- Spring '11