Outline, HIST 104, Class 5, Constitutionalism, Thurs Sept 8, 2011

Outline, HIST 104, Class 5, Constitutionalism, Thurs Sept 8, 2011

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History of the Modern World Prof. Foray Thursday, September 8, 2011 Early Modern Political Systems, Part II: Constitutionalism and the Glorious Revolution in England I. What is constitutionalism, and what isn’t it? II. A twisted path in England A. Conflict and civil war under Charles I (rules 1625-1648) 1. Predecessors: Elizabeth I (1558-1603), who encourages a “balanced” political system, and James I (1603-1625, who asserts the divine right of kings 2. 1628: Charles I accepts and then reneges upon petition limiting royal power; in 1629, he refuses to call parliament into session 3. 1629-1640: “Personal rule” by Charles, without parliament 4. 1639: Scottish Calvinists revolt; parliament follows suit 5. 1642-1649: Civil war between Charles’ royal forces and parliament, Puritans, others 6. Oliver Cromwell establishes himself as leader of the Independents, and then, the entire anti-royalist army 7. Charles surrenders in 1646; executed, by parliament under Cromwell, in 1649
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Unformatted text preview: B. Cromwell rules England from 1653-1658: 1. Head of Council of State or Instrument of Government 2. Aims for toleration and constitutional government, but really establishes a military dictatorship Film: Cromwell (1970) 3. Invades Ireland in 1649 C. With Cromwells death in 1658, restoration of Stuart Monarchy to the throne D Charles II (1660-1685): initially works with parliament, then enters into secret arrangement with Louis XIV of France E. James II (1685-1688) and his pro-Catholic policies alienate countrys elite F. Glorious Revolution of 1688: parliament removes James, puts Mary and William of Orange on the throne 1. With the new monarchs signing of Bill of Rights, sovereignty is divided between monarchy and parliament; king/queen rules with consent of the governed Doc.: The English Bill of Rights , 1689...
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Outline, HIST 104, Class 5, Constitutionalism, Thurs Sept 8, 2011

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