Outline, HIST 104, Class 7, The Enlightenment, Thurs Sept 15, 2011

Outline, HIST 104, Class 7, The Enlightenment, Thurs Sept 15, 2011

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History of the Modern World 104-1 Prof. Foray Thursday, September 15, 2011 The Enlightenment of the 18 th Century I. What is “Enlightenment,” as a concept and movement? A. Practical application of natural laws discerned during the Scientific Revolution B. Central tenets of the Enlightenment: reason, rationality, reform, and progress 1. Possibility, even necessity, of creating better societies, better people C. Bearers of the movement are “ philosophes ” of France 1. Why France? 2. Soon spreads elsewhere throughout Europe a. German version: Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) and Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786) II. The concerns, work of the “ philosophes A. Brought science, new ideas to a wider audience, but still an educated, upper class, and thus limited audience 1. Examples: Bernard de Fontenelle (1657-1757), Conversations on the Plurality of Worlds (1686) and Georges Louis Leclerc, the Earl of Buffon (1707-1788), Natural History, General and Specific (circa 1750) B. Challenged religious authority and belief—specifically, organized religion—and from a
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This note was uploaded on 09/21/2011 for the course GAME dota taught by Professor Chen during the Spring '11 term at University of Colorado Denver.

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Outline, HIST 104, Class 7, The Enlightenment, Thurs Sept 15, 2011

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