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Building the Mongol Empire

Building the Mongol Empire - -they allowed conquered people...

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Mongol - The Mongols were nomads - They lived in the steppes of central Asia - Genghiz Khan (world emperor), united the warring rival Mongol clans Conquests - Genghiz Khan used strict military discipline and demanded absolute loyalty - His armies had some of the best horsemen in the world - He could be ruthless but also generous - His armies conquered the Asian steppe lands easily, but China presented a challenge b/c of walls - They learned how to use cannons, missiles, and other new weapons from Turkish and Chinese military experts - The Mongols and the Chinese launched missiles against each other (this was advanced) - G.K. died before he could complete his conquest of China, but his heirs continued to expand his empire - They dominated Asia for the next 150 years - They destroyed regions from southern Russia to the Muslim Middle East to China - They destroyed the province of Sichuan and annihilated its capital, Chengdu Mongol Rule - the Mongols became peaceful after their conquest
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Unformatted text preview: -they allowed conquered people to live normally under them as long as they regularly paid the Mongols a tribute-GK set an example for his heirs by ruling conquered lands w/ toleration and justice-GK respected scholars, artists, and artisans, and listened to the ideas of Confucians, Buddhists, Christians, Muslims, Jews, and Zoroastrians The Mongol Peace-Pax Mongolia: a period of order and peace in the 1200s and 1300s ~political stability = economic growth ~Mongols controlled the Silk Road, so trade flourished across Eurasia ~Mongol rule meant that a person could safely walk thru their land w/ a golden platter on their head w/out suffering the least violence from anyone-cultural exchanges increased as foods, tools, inventions, and ideas spread along the protected trade routes-China’s use of gunpowder and windmills spread west into Europe-papermaking reached the Middle East and crops and trees from the M.E. were brought to East Asia...
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