Dustin Lee Chapter 11 Review Block F: World History 9 1. Mosque: Houses of worship where Muslims gather to do their daily prayers 2. Caliph: Successor of Muhammad 3. Social Mobility: The ability to move up in social class 4. Arabesque: An intricate design composed of curved lines that suggest floral shapes, appeared in rugs, textiles, and glassware 5. Janizary: The elite force of the Ottoman army 6. Shah: King 7. The first pillar is declaration of faith. “There is no god but God, Muhammad is the messenger of God.” The second pillar is daily prayer. The third pillar is giving charity to the poor. The fourth pillar is fasting from sunrise to sunset during the holy month of Ramadan. The fifth pillar is the hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca. 8. Muslim leaders imposed a special tax on non Muslims, but allowed Christians, Jews, and Zoroastrians to practice their own faiths and follow their own laws. As Muslim civilization developed, many Jews and Christians played key roles as officials, doctors,
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Ramadan, greatest Muslim mathematician, original medical thinkers