Study Guide on Greece - Dustin Lee History Study Guide...

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Dustin Lee 11/20/2006 History Study Guide Block F King Minos - Legendary king of Crete - He ruled when Minoan civilization reached its height between 1750 B.C. – 1500 B.C. - First society to influence Greek culture Homer - Wrote the epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey - 750 B.C. - Blind poet - Helps creates the Parthenon Solon - He was appointed archon, or chief official, in 594 B.C. - Outlawed dept slavery and freed those who had already been sold into slavery for debt - He opened high offices to more citizens - Granted citizenship to some foreigners - Gave the Athenian assembly more of a say in important decisions - Encouraged the export of wine and olive oil - He lead to the rise of tyrants Pisistratus - Gained power in 546 B.C. - Gave farmers loans and land that he took from nobles - He had new building projects which gave jobs to the poor - By giving poor citizens a greater voice, he further weakened the aristocracy Cleisthenes - 507 B.C. - Allowed the role of ordinary citizens in the government - Set up the Council of 500, whose members were chosen by lot from among all citizens - He made the assembly a genuine legislature that debated laws before deciding to approve or reject them - All male citizens over the age of 30 were members of the assembly Themistocles - Athenian leader during the victory at Marathon - Persuasive orator - Puts money toward the navy - Wins battle of Salamis - Lived during the Persian war Pericles
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Dustin Lee 11/20/2006 History Study Guide Block F - Lived during the period between the wars (460 – 429 B.C.) - He was a general, politician, and an orator - He improved citizens lives and fostered the arts and literature - Pericles was elected as strategos of Athens (1 out of 10) - Some of his accomplishments include: o He paid stipends to assembly men o Equality of speech in the Assembly o Supplied work for the poor o Granted land to dispossessed villagers o Public assistance for invalids, orphans, and indigents Socrates - An Athenian stonemason and philosopher - He wrote no books - Created the Socratic method
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This note was uploaded on 09/21/2011 for the course BIOG 1110 taught by Professor Randywayne during the Spring '09 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Study Guide on Greece - Dustin Lee History Study Guide...

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