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WHMarch7th2007 - 1055 A Seljuk sultan controlled Baghdad...

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Mar. 7 Block F: History Dustin Lee 661: Ali became the fourth caliph, but was assassinated in a struggle for leadership 711: The Muslim armies crossed the Strait of Gibraltar into Spain and pushed north into France 732: The Muslim armies were defeated at the battle of Tours 750: After the death of Ali, the Umayyad family set up a dynasty that ruled the Islamic world until 750; Abu al-Abbas captured Damascus 786-809: The city of Baghdad reached its peak under the reign of caliph Harun al-Rashid 800s: Muslim civilization thrived in Sicily and other Mediterranean islands seized by Arab forces 850: Abbassid control over the Arab empire fragmented 900s: The Seljuk Turks migrated into the Middle East from Central Asia
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Unformatted text preview: 1055: A Seljuk sultan controlled Baghdad, but he left the Abbasid caliph as a figurehead 1095: Reports of Seljuk interference with Christian pilgrims traveling to Jerusalem led Pope Urban II to call for the first crusade 1099: Christian crusaders captured Jerusalem 1187: The Muslim general Salah al-Din, or Saladin, ousted Christians from Jerusalem 1244: Saladin dies 1216: Genghiz Khan led the Mongols out of Central Asia across Persia and Mesopotamia 1258: Hulagu, grandson of Genghiz, burned and looted Baghdad, killing the last Abbassid caliph 1300s: Another Mongol Leader, Timur the Lame, or Tamerlane led his armies into the Middle East 1942: Christian forces seize the last Muslim stronghold...
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