Ch4_Student

Ch4_Student - Chapter 4 Human Development Introduction...

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Chapter 4 Human Development Introduction * Development: * Developmental Psychology: * Maturation: * Nature versus Nurture debate: are human beings a product of their biology or their environment/upbringing? *Most psychologists and lay-people agree that we are a product of both our biology and our environment *Examples: language development and toilet training (we must be taught these things, but our biology must also be ready and able to acquire these new skills) Growth and Development *Prenatal development: *Germinal Stage: (2 weeks) *Embryonic Stage: (2-8 weeks post conception) *Fetal Stage: (the rest of the pregnancy) *Neonatal Period: the newborn (birth-2 wks) *Transition from womb to independent life *Weak and dependent *Rooting and Suckling Reflex: *Sensory ability: 1
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*Sleep 16 hours a day *Infancy: (2 weeks – 2 years): *Most rapid growth of entire life in during the 1 st year * 2 months : * 6 months : * 1 year : * 2 years: *Infancy: Emotional/Social Development: *Neonate: *2 months: *4-9 months: *2 years: more complex emotions emerge such as guilt/shame, formed strong attachments to those close to him/her *Early Childhood: 2-7 years: *Physical Development: improved small and large muscle control and coordination *Emotional/Social Dev.: full range of positive and negative emotions *Early Childhood Continued: *Play Behavior… *2 years: *2-5 years: *5+ years: *Children act in sex-typed ways during this stage 2
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Growth and Development Continued… *Middle Childhood: 7-11 years: *Physical Dev.: growth is slower, but continued improvement in strength and coordination *Formal education begins *Social Dev.: by the end of this stage, peers are becoming very important *Most friendships are same-sex *Adolescent Development: *Rapid physical growth and change *Peers become almost more important than parents *End of adolescence is unclear: Adulthood only begins when established adult relationships
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Ch4_Student - Chapter 4 Human Development Introduction...

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