British Industrial Revolution 1750-1830[1]

British Industrial Revolution 1750-1830[1] - Industrial...

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“Industrial Revolution is the change from the use of hand methods of manufacturing to machine methods. This change, which began in England about 1750 and later spread to other countries, is called a “revolution” because it brought vast changes in the way people work and live. It created an industrialized society—one in which large- scale mechanized manufacturing replaced farming as the main source of jobs. Instead of growing their own food and making at home the products they use, a great many persons in an industrialized society work for wages and buy their food and other necessities. They live in towns and cities rather than in the country.” (howstuffworks, 2010) “Progress in technology and in industrial development has been almost continuous since the Industrial Revolution began. Since 1900, and particularly since World War II, industry and technology have advanced at an ever-increasing rate. In a sense, the revolution that began around 1750 has never ended.” (howstuffworks, 2010) “In the histories of nations, innovations in technology have sometimes occurred at such a rapid pace that the era became known as an industrial revolution. The first Industrial Revolution occurred in Great Britain between 1750 and 1830. Developments there moved the country from a largely rural population that made its livelihood almost entirely from agriculture to a town-centered society that was increasingly engaged in factory manufacture.” (Johnson, 2001) “Effects of the Industrial Revolution on the one hand the Industrial 1
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Revolution brought masses of people from the country to the city. It led to higher standards of living, as inexpensive manufactured goods came on the market. It increased trade between nations. On the other hand, the revolution, in its early days, brought exploitation of workers; slums; and great suffering as a result of periodic unemployment.” (howstuffworks, 2010) “The wonders of modern science are a result of the Industrial Revolution, but so are the horrors of modern war. The Industrial Revolution brought on the rise of capitalism, socialism, and communism. Labor unions, social legislation, government regulation— all are outgrowths of the Industrial Revolution.” (howstuffworks, 2010) “The ground had been prepared for the Industrial Revolution in England over a long period. During the Crusades trade routes were opened to faraway lands and a merchant class developed. In the 17th century, overseas trade increased greatly as a result of voyages of exploration and colonization of the Americas. Merchants grew prosperous, and a large middle class developed that wanted and could afford a higher standard of living.” (howstuffworks, 2010) “England excelled in the making of woolen and cotton cloth. The new demand at home as well as in the colonies caused steady growth of English textile manufacturing. The method of manufacture on the eve of the Industrial Revolution was the cottage, domestic, or putting- out, system. Merchants bought raw wool or cotton and “put it out” in 2
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This note was uploaded on 09/21/2011 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Alpert during the Fall '11 term at University of Bridgeport.

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British Industrial Revolution 1750-1830[1] - Industrial...

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