ch6 - Osseous Tissue and Bone Structure MULTIPLE CHOICE....

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Unformatted text preview: Osseous Tissue and Bone Structure MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Which of following is a function of the skeletal system? A) calcium homeostasis B) protection of internal organs C) blood cell production D) body support E) all of the above 1) 2) Which of the following bones is classified as "irregular" in shape? A) ulna B) vertebra C) frontal D) patella E) metatarsal 2) 3) The carpal bones are examples of ________ bones. A) flat B) short C) sesamoid D) irregular E) long 3) 4) A rib is an example of a ________ bone. A) sesamoid B) flat C) long D) sutural E) short 4) 5) The region of a long bone between the end and the shaft is known as the ________. A) metaphysis B) osseophysis C) diaphysis D) medullary cavity E) epiphysis 5) 6) Which of the following labels best matches osteocyte ? A) stem cell B) dissolves matrix C) secretes organic matrix D) mature bone cell 6) 7) Cells that secrete the organic components of the bone matrix are called A) osteocytes. B) osteoblasts. C) chondrocytes. D) osteoclasts. E) osteoprogenitor cells. 7) 8) ________ are squamous cells that develop into osteoblasts. A) Osteocytes B) Osteoprogenitor cells C) Osteomedullary cells D) Osteoclasts E) Squamous osteons 8) 9) Through the action of osteoclasts, A) fractured bones regenerate. B) bony matrix is dissolved. C) new bone is formed. D) osteoid is calcified. E) an organic framework is formed. 9) 1 10) Which of the following chemicals is not present in bone? A) collagen fibers. B) chondroitin sulfate. C) calcium carbonate. D) hydroxyapatite. E) calcium phosphate. 10) 11) The narrow passageways that contain cytoplasmic extensions of osteocytes are called A) medullary cavities. B) lacunae. C) central canals. D) canaliculi. E) foramina. 11) 12) The central canal of an osteon contains A) concentric lamellae. B) lacunae. C) osteocytes. D) blood vessels. E) bone marrow. 12) 13) The interconnecting tiny arches of bone tissue found in spongy bone are called A) osteons. B) concentric lamellae. C) trabeculae. D) interstitial lamellae. E) lacunae. 13) 14) The type of bone that is adapted to withstand stresses that arrive from many directions is ________ bone. A) compact B) irregular C) spongy D) trabecular E) lamellar 14) 15) The medullary cavity of bones contains A) periosteum. B) marrow. C) cartilage. D) osteons. E) compact bone. 15) 16) The shaft of a long bone is called the A) epiphysis. B) metaphysis. C) epiphyseal plate. D) diaphysis. E) lamella. 16) 2 17) The lining of the medullary cavity is called the A) periosteum. B) endosteum. C) perimysium. D) epimysium. E) perichondrium. 17) 18) What structure allows a bone to grow in length?...
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ch6 - Osseous Tissue and Bone Structure MULTIPLE CHOICE....

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