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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 16 Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is the most important acid-producing compound in nature Acids and bases are electrolytes they release ions into solution Acids ionize in aqueous solution to produce hydrogen ions (protons) and anions; bases ionize to produce hydroxide ions and cations Hydroxide ions, OH- are responsible for the properties of basic aqueous solutions, and hydronium ions, H 3 O + , are responsible for the properties of acidic aqueous solutions 16.1 Brnsted-Lowry acid Hydrogen ion donors Brnsted-Lowry base Hydrogen ion acceptors Acid-base reaction Acids donate H + ions, and bases accept them For the weak acids, the double arrow indicates equilibrium between the reactants and the products The ionization of weak acids is a reactant favored process Amphiprotic A substance that can donate or accept H + Conjugate acid-base pair A pair of molecules or ions related to each other b the loss or gain of a single H + Every Brnsted-Lowry acid has its conjugate base, and every Brnsted-Lowry base has its conjugate acid...
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