5a%20grammatical%20development%20in%20Year

5a%20grammatical%20development%20in%20Year - Language...

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Language Development in Year 3 Lecture 5a, Grammatical Development SHS 120, Reading: P&J 82-85, 88-96
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First Sentences Children first begin to produce sentences around 21 months of age. These first sentences are very minimal and can be as simple as two words Children also produce other two word combinations that are not sentences
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First Sentences The simplest “sentences”: S entence = Subject N oun P hrase + Verb Phrase The earliest sentence types SV (e.g., baby cry ) Subject NP + intransitive verb SVO (e.g., I want snack ) Subject NP + transitive verb + direct object
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Telegraphy A major characteristic of children’s sentences before the age of 4 is that children omit required or “obligatory” in the adult grammar. Can you find these omissions and tell me what is missing? M What's this one? C baby girl. M the girl? C yeah. M Is that the mommy? C no, mommy. my mom. M That's the mom? no, baby girl. yeah. C mommy, I want off swing. M Off the swing? Missing Verb BE/is Missing Article
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Roger Brown Wrote A First Language (1973) (P&J p 83, 92) Discovered that children’s telegraphy reduces gradually between the second and fourth birthdays Designed of Mean Length of Utterance (MLU) to help chart the course of grammatical development. He thought MLU could be used like a ruler to determine how much a child’s grammar has grown.
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5a%20grammatical%20development%20in%20Year - Language...

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