6a%20Having%20a%20Conversation

6a%20Having%20a%20Conversation - Becoming a Competent...

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Becoming a Competent Communicator: Having a Conversation SHS 120Y Reading: PJ CH 3 101-107
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Pragmatics The study of how speakers use language to achieve some outcome / purpose What is the speaker’s reason for communicating / sending a message? Are there rules or conventions that a speaker follows in order to achieve the outcome of purpose?
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Communication Function PJ Table 3.5 Instrumental: To make an action take place “Give me that crayon” “Can you get me a purple plate?” Regulatory To control behavior “Be quiet!” “Don’t beat me”
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Communication Function PJ Table 3.5 Interactional Used to interact with other people “Here, I’ll make room for you next to me” “Would you like some tea?” Personal Used to express a personal state “My tummy hurts”
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Communication Function PJ Table 3.5 Heuristic To gather information and explore the environment “What’s that sign say?” Imaginative Used to create and pretend “You be the mommy and I’ll be the baby”
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Communication Function PJ Table 3.5 Communication Functions can meld together. “I’m cold. Could you close the window?” This combination of sentences has personal and instrumental functions . What if a person said:
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6a%20Having%20a%20Conversation - Becoming a Competent...

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