British Raj book outlines

British Raj book outlines - Outline of chapter 12-15 for...

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Outline of chapter 12-15 for history 142 Chapter 12 Clive’s 800 troops defeated the nawabs army of fifty thousand in 1757 at the battle of plassey Clive reaped a personal fortune and was made a mansabdar of24 regions of Bengal 1764 victory at buxar was significant for British arms and imperial aspirations. The company’s troops fgaced a united mughal power, not the fraction riddled ranks for the nawab Between 1757-1764 the company amassed sufficeient wealth and power from Bengal, enough to shake the crumbling foundations of the Muchal Empire enough that the british could have reached for the mantle of delhi’s authority By offering martial “protection” to Indian leaders, the british could keep them dependant without arousing much popular resentment or stirring widespread protest against foreign usurpation of powers In 1765 shah alam proclaimed the company his diwan for those provinces Chapter 13: John Company Raj After 1765 John Company south to establish rule over Bengal, bahir, and Orissa on as sound and permanent basis as possible Junior agents in the company were expected to be honest as well as self-denying, taking no bribes and extorting no lavish gifts from natives within the company’s domain Clive personally plundered the region, and didn’t concern himself with governance The nawab in Murshidabad retained formal responsibility for Bengal’s criminal justice system, aw well as its military administration, though he had no revenue to pay his police, soldiers, or legal officers. The company was supposed to provide revenue to assure effective administration but nobody ever did. “those with responsibility possessed no power, and those with power felt no responsibility” pg 187 The company stored enough grain to feed its servancts and soldiers and merchant speculators made fortunes on the hunger and terror of less fortunate people, who brought handfuls of rice for teasuresa and were eventually driven to cannabalism By the end of 1769 Bengal was left naked, stripped of its surplus wealth and grain British parliamentary finally grew concern about the state of Bengal, NOT because of the horrible state in which the peasants lived, but the companies professed inability to pay the annual tax for 400,000 pounds. It was an obvious lie as individual servants of the company returned back from India with large private fortunes Parlimentary inquiry forced the company to make some effort at reform and drove its directors to turn from the swashbuckloing bullying of a Clive to the coldly methodical leadership of Warren tHastings (1732-1818), who was appointed governor of Fort William in 1772 Hastings ruled fom 1773-1785 o Hastings was more scholarly. He functioned as a “native” tyrant once he attainted the power he coveted. He could be vindictive, cruel, arrogant, and violent he provoked or when he sensed the value of such emotional displays in teaching others a lesson in power politics
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British Raj book outlines - Outline of chapter 12-15 for...

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