Charlies British Raj Paper

Charlies British Raj Paper - Charleton Smith History 142...

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Charleton Smith November 15, 2007 History 142 – Wink Britain’s Corruption and Failure in India In America, the British continually tried to exploit and place more pressure upon the colonists in order to better serve British interests. Indeed, the same was exhibited throughout the British Empire during its colonial stages and the situation in India at this time was even more dire than most. A series of poor governors employing worse administrators led to the confusion and corruption that ran rampant in the Indian sub-continent from 1757 through 1857. England’s main power in the region at this time was the John Company, formerly known as the East India Company. Eventually governance of South Asia came under the crown, but throughout this time, as England continued to modernize and anglicize India, the more corrupt and problematic India became. The East India Company made its first appearance in India during the seventeenth century. It had already gained a strong foothold in the area before the Battle of Plassey, which gave the Britons control over Bengal and other key regions. Opposition to this expansion existed in the form of the ousted local rulers, the Nawab of Bengal. They responded by killing innocent people wherever the British sought to expand. Further battles with local powers, namely the Battle of Buxar, in which the allied Mughal powers failed to defeat the foreign strength, led to endorsement of the British by the Mughals. The Mughals had previously been the ruling power over most of Northern India for a long time and had produced one of the strongest empires ever in the history of the sub-continent. However, at this point in time, the Mughals were seen as symbolic rulers and their endorsement leant some legitimacy to the British control and Robert
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Clive who was the governor of Bengal. Clive’s tenure as governor does not resonate very positively in the annals of history. His was a rule of war and plunder. Indeed the years after his seizure of Bengal are often referred to as the age of Plunder, which lasted until 1770. The goals behind the John Company had been to not only gain capital from India to be exported back to England, but also to raise the standard of life in India, in which it and the British crown fail to do time and again. “Since the accession of the company… the condition of the people in the Country has been worse than it was before,” (Wolpert, 188). Clive was considered a failure in India and was the perfect of example of British corruption in India. The horrible extortion of the locals was not what led to a change in governance; rather it was the vast amounts of corruption of tax evasion of those in power in the Company. In 1772, a new governor took control over Fort William and thus the region. Warren
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2008 for the course HIST 142 taught by Professor Wink during the Spring '08 term at University of Wisconsin.

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Charlies British Raj Paper - Charleton Smith History 142...

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